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poisoning resulting from the inhalation of cadmium in fumes created by welding, smelting, or other industrial processes involving solder. Cadmium bromide, used in engraving, lithography, and photography, can cause severe GI symptoms if swallowed. Cadmium may also cause poisoning by the ingestion of acidic foods prepared and stored in cadmium-lined containers, as lemonade in certain metal cans. The effects may include vomiting, dyspnea, headache, prostration, pulmonary edema, and, possibly, years later, cancer.
cadmium poisoningA condition associated with industrial exposure; cadmium poisoning occurred in Japan due to contamination of drinking water by mining runoffs, resulting in itai-itai (“ouch-ouch”) disease, possibly hypertension.
Renal tubule disfunction (aminoaciduria), glucosuria, hyperphosphatemia, hepatic fibrosis, emphysema and COPD, osteomalacia accompanied by bone pain.
40 µg/day, primarily from food.
Total body burden
± 30 mg.
Gastrointestinal tract 5%; lungs 80%.
Serum in tan top tube.