cadmium poisoning


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cadmium poisoning

A condition associated with industrial exposure; cadmium poisoning occurred in Japan due to contamination of drinking water by mining runoffs, resulting in itai-itai (“ouch-ouch”) disease, possibly hypertension.
 
Clinical findings
Renal tubule disfunction (aminoaciduria), glucosuria, hyperphosphatemia, hepatic fibrosis, emphysema and COPD, osteomalacia accompanied by bone pain.

Daily intake
40 µg/day, primarily from food.

Total body burden
± 30 mg.
 
Absorption
Gastrointestinal tract 5%; lungs 80%.

Specimen
Serum in tan top tube.

Method
Spectrophotometry.

cadmium poisoning

Toxicology A condition associated with industrial exposure to cadmium Clinical renal tubule disfunction–aminoaciduria, glucosuria, hyperphosphatemia, hepatic fibrosis, emphysema and COPD, osteomalacia accompanied by bone pain. See Cadmium, Itai-itai disease, Toxic metal.
References in periodicals archive ?
Zawawi Bin Abdullah's lecture focused on cadmium poisoning, and Dr.
Many social activists have been knocking the doors of the top court regarding arsenic and cadmium poisoning in the groundwater table in Thoothukudi due to the Sterlite plant's activities.
A Russian banker, Ivan Kivelidi, died of cadmium poisoning in 1995.
Experimental reproduction of Itai-Itai disease, a chronic cadmium poisoning of humans, in rats and monkeys.
[2.] Okuda B, Iwamoto Y, Tachibana H, Sugita M (1997) Parkinsonism after acute cadmium poisoning. Clin Neurol Neurosurg 99: 263-265.
An investigation and pathological analysis of two fatal cases of cadmium poisoning. Forensic.
Succimer (dimercaptosuccinic acid; DMSA) has been used for lead, arsenic, mercury and cadmium poisoning. It also chelates zinc quite effectively.
Verbruggen, "Plant science: the key to preventing slow cadmium poisoning," Trends in Plant Science, vol.
BEIJING -- At least 26 villagers have died from cadmium poisoning and hundreds more fallen ill since 2009 near a disused factory in central China, local media said Wednesday, underscoring the country's mounting pollution challenge.
Severe cadmium poisoning is known to cause substantial renal impairment, nausea, liver damage with increased liver enzymes, pulmonary impairment in cases of inhalation, hemolytic anemia, and thrombosis (3, 4, 6, 7).
Mercury is a stable, unnecessary heavy metal with high toxicity and without biological variability remained persistent during the transition from different trophic levels in food chain through bioaccumulation processes [47]Nowadays, mercury and cadmium poisoning incident through fish and shellfish in Minamata (Japan), caused intensified researched in case of heavy metals accumulation in aquatic ecosystems [4,24,25,42].