bystander T-cell activation

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bystander T-cell activation

An immune phenomenon in which T cells are activated in absence of specific T-cell receptor stimulation, which allows T cells to bypass certain immune regulatory checkpoints (e.g., central or thymic tolerance and peripheral tolerance mechanisms) acting after naive T cells have encountered their cognate antigen (e.g., anergy induction, apoptosis and effects of Treg cells). While the phenomenon has minimal impact on healthy individuals, it could have a devastating impact in the context of HIV-related or infection- triggered autoimmune disease.
References in periodicals archive ?
Would a bystander help a victim who has been attacked if there is a risk of injury to themselves?
Anderson teases out solutions, tempts us with bystander help and shows how the system can work in a case like this--linking calls, triangulating cell phone signals (not easy with a disposable phone), dispatching cops, trying to beat the clock that they're racing against.
The seven-year-olds - a boy and a girl - got into difficulties in the lake at Crosby Coastal Park and Aimee swam to reach them - dragging the boy to safety, while a woman bystander helped the girl.
Video shot by a bystander helped shape public opinion in the New York incident.
The Co-op's employees and a bystander helped the police officer immobilise the robber until police reinforcements arrived.
Below, the dad lies on the ground before a bystander helps him