The company recently entered into a unique relationship with Titan Florida --a unit of Titan America LLC--to excavate and process a large volume of scrap and by-product material
at its Pennsuco Quarry near Miami.
Green Diamond Sand Products controls the only substantial reserve of laterite nickel smelter by-product material
in North America.
Palm oil fuel ash (POFA) is a by-product material
produced as a waste ash from palm oil power plant factories, and it is an aluminosilicate material [14, 15].
After an analysis by the North Carolina Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services (NCDA&CS) Agronomic Division, the data indicated that the by-product material
discharged from the GaiaRecycle system contained a significant amount of valuable nutrients that can be utilized in order to prevent all of the university's leftover food from being discarded into landfills.
It is also a strong contributor to sustainable design, as the use of slag cement in concrete saves virgin raw materials, consumes less energy and makes use of an industrial by-product material
that might otherwise be disposed of in landfills.
It also provides significant sustainabillty benefits, as the use of slag cement saves virgin raw materials, consumes less energy, and makes use of an industrial by-product material
that might otherwise be disposed of In landfills.
More recently, there has been a growing interest in producing unfired bricks from recycled waste and by-product materials
from the industry [1-5].
* Materials Characterization and Test Methods: Improve the methods used to quantify the physical and chemical characteristics of industrial by-product materials
, and improve our understanding of how they interact chemically with portland cement.
In addition to potash, the company plans to extract and sell by-product materials
including magnesium sulphate products - often used by farmers across the world to correct soil deficiencies - and gypsum, the primary product used to manufacture plasterboard.
CSIRO project leader Dr Grant Douglas says the use of abundant, low-cost by-product materials
generated from mineral processing offers a potentially cost-effective, environmentally friendly way to remove nutrients from wastewater.