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an imidazole derivative used intravaginally in the form of the nitrate salt as a topical antifungal agent in treatment of vulvovaginal candidiasis.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.
Pregnancy Category: C
Treatment of vulvovaginal candidiasis.
Affects the permeability of the fungal cell wall, allowing leakage of cellular contents. Not active against bacteria.
Inhibited growth and death of susceptible Candida, with decrease in accompanying symptoms of vulvovaginitis (vaginal burning, itching, discharge).
Absorption: 2% is systemically absorbed following intravaginal administration.
Distribution: Unknown. Action is primarily local.
Metabolism and Excretion: Negligible with local application.
Half-life: Not applicable.
Time/action profile (plasma concentrations)
Contraindicated in: Hypersensitivity to active ingredients, additives, or preservatives.
Use Cautiously in: Obstetric / Lactation: Safety not established, limit use to 2nd and 3rd trimesters.
Adverse Reactions/Side Effects
- pelvic pain
- vulvovaginal burning
Drug-Drug interactionNot known.
Vaginal (Adults and Children ≥12 yr) 1 applicatorful single dose.
Availability (generic available)
Vaginal cream: 2% (5–g prefilled applicator)
- Inspect involved areas of skin and mucous membranes before and frequently during therapy. Increased skin irritation may indicate sensitization and warrant discontinuation of medication.
Potential Nursing DiagnosesRisk for infection (Indications)
Risk for impaired skin integrity (Indications)
- Consult health care professional for proper cleansing technique before applying medication.
- Diagnosis should be reconfirmed with smears or cultures before a second course of therapy to rule out other pathogens associated with vulvovaginitis. Recurrent vaginal infections may be a sign of systemic illness.
- Vaginal: Applicators are supplied for vaginal administration.
- Instruct patient to apply medication as directed for full course of therapy, even if feeling better. Therapy should be continued during menstrual period.
- Advise patient to avoid using tampons while using this product.
- Instruct patient on proper use of vaginal applicator. Medication should be inserted high into the vagina at bedtime. Instruct patient to remain recumbent for at least 30 min after insertion. Advise use of sanitary napkins to prevent staining of clothing or bedding.
- Advise patient to consult health care professional regarding intercourse during therapy. Vaginal medication may cause minor skin irritation in sexual partner. Advise patient to refrain from sexual contact during therapy. Advise patient that this medication may weaken latex or rubber contraceptive products. Another method of contraception should be used during treatment.
- Advise patient to report to health care professional increased skin irritation or lack of response to therapy. A second course may be necessary if symptoms persist.
- Advise patient to dispose of applicator after each use.
- Inform patient that therapeutic response is usually seen after 1 wk.
- Resolution of infection.
- Decrease in skin irritation and vaginal discomfort.
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