burst fracture


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A traumatic injury caused by high-energy axial loading due to falls from heights or MVAs/RTAs, resulting in vertebral body fractures which may shatter from the force, resulting in an unstable spinal cord with a high risk of paralysis below the region of the fracture
Diagnosis CT, MRI, neurosurgical consultation
Management Clear bone from region, spinal fusion, rehabilitation

com·pres·sion frac·ture

(kŏm-presh'ŭn frak'shŭr)
Breakage causing loss of height of the vertebral body either by trauma or by pathology. It occurs most commonly in thoracic and lumbar spines. A common sequela of osteoporosis.
Synonym(s): burst fracture.

burst fracture

A vertebral fracture similar to a compression fracture but typically more severe and involving displacement of the bony fragments.
See: compression fracture
See also: fracture
References in periodicals archive ?
It is our desire to explore our experience with the transpedicular approach as an alternative for the management of traumatic non-pathological thoracolumbar burst fractures with spinal cord compression.
Non-operative management is generally reserved for neurologically intact patients with compression type or burst fractures. Historically, non-operative management has included bracing with a thoracolumbar-sacral orthosis.
Surgical procedures for thoracolumbar burst fractures (TLBFs) are performed through an anterior, posterior, or combined approach.
[48.] Whyne CM, Hu SS et.al., "Biomechanically derived guideline equations for burst fracture risk prediction in the metastatically involved spine", Journal of Spinal Disorders and techniques 16 (2), 180-185 (2003a).
Keywords: Thoracolumbar burst fracture Kyphotic angle Visual analogue scale (VAS) Frankel grades Approach.
The inclusion criteria of this study were a single-level thoracolumbar burst fracture (T11-L1) with neurological deficit and the intraspinal bone fragments confirmed by CT.
Kim, "Biomechanical comparison of instrumentation techniques in treatment of thoracolumbar burst fractures: a finite element analysis," Journal of Orthopaedic Science, vol.
A retrospective review of hospital charts, office reports, and radiographs were examined for 28 patients diagnosed with an acute thoracolumbar burst fracture who had corpectomy surgery with the Verte-Span expandable cage implanted from February 2002 to May 2007.
Specific topics include predicting the static contact angle in circular capillary tubes, properties of injectable composite cements and their application in burst fracture of the spine, the surface modification of epoxy-ceramic coatings by plasma treatment, and analyzing low frequency noise induced by a spring floating slab.
Trauma series radiographs of the cervical spine were performed and showed a burst fracture of CI.