buphthalmos


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buphthalmos

buph·thal·mi·a

, buphthalmus , buphthalmos (būf-thal'mē-ă, -thal'mŭs, -thal'mŏs)
Enlargement of the eyeball as a result of congenital glaucoma.
[G. bous, ox, + ophthalmos, eye]

buphthalmos

Enlargement of the corneas resulting from abnormally raised pressure within the eyes at birth (congenital GLAUCOMA). The eyes appear unnaturally large because of the greater corneal diameter. Early detection and treatment can save sight. From the Greek bous , an ox and ophthalmos , an eye.

buphthalmos

abnormal enlargement of the eyes; see glaucoma.
References in periodicals archive ?
Exophthalmos is an uncommon clinical sign in birds; it must be distinguished from buphthalmos, a generalized enlargement of the globe, as would be seen with glaucoma.
Signs: buphthalmos (calf's eye), corneal diameter >12 mm, corneal clouding, white optic disc.
For example, in the case of a 4-year-old male infant with trisomy 13 (three copies of chromosome 13 are present), there was severe slowing down of thought processes and a reduction in physical movement (psychomotor retardation), abnormally low muscle tone (muscular hypotonia), cerebral convulsions, bilateral PCG leading to buphthalmos, and bilateral optic nerve atrophy.
The diagnosis of PCG requires the presence of buphthalmos in at least one eye together with an increase in IOP before three years of age.
Exophthalmos is a common avian presentation, whereas buphthalmos is rarely reported.