Skiba points out that while bullies
may not fit a stereotype, all bullies
do have one thing in common: "They seem to be more rewarded by others' reactions to their bullying." Bullies
may enjoy seeing their victim's angry or fearful reactions.
A factor analysis of data from 116 elementary school teachers indicated two types of bullying teachers: sadistic bullies
and bully-victim bullies
(Twemlow, Fonagy, Sacco, & Brethour Jr., 2006).
The DHHS notes that most bullying happens when adults are not around, so staying near adults and other children can help kids avoid situations where they might be vulnerable to bullies
There is little opportunity for victims to escape from bullies
when the tormentor is a sibling.
Conceptually the term bullying is subjective (Mishna, Scarcello, Pepler, & Wiener, 2005) and several findings suggest that preschool bullies
exhibit social characteristics that differ to those found in non-bullies (Vlachou et al, 2011).
She was a shy girl and didn't speak up to her bullies
, but I could tell something was wrong.
PUT THE ISSUES BACK TO THE BULLY Bullies
want to make the target out to be 'the problem' and use a variety of tactics to achieve this aim.
An Italian study of 4386 students indicated that both the bullies
and their victims were all males13.
For the last several decades, bullying has been noted as a serious problem in schools, and it has been noted that students, teachers, administrators, parents, and community members need to work together to address ways to help victims, bullies
, and bystanders develop coping strategies and prevent bullying.
Three random-effects meta-analysis were performed and three groups of children were formed which were victims, bullies
Boys tend to engage in cyberbullying, verbal bullying, and physical bullying more often than girls, but girls are social bullies
more often than are boys.