bulbospinal

bul·bo·spi·nal

(bŭl'bō-spī'năl),
Relating to the medulla oblongata and spinal cord, particularly to nerve fibers interconnecting the two.
Synonym(s): spinobulbar

bul·bo·spi·nal

(bŭl'bō-spī'năl)
Relating to the medulla oblongata and spinal cord, particularly to nerve fibers interconnecting the two.
Synonym(s): spinobulbar.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Dewald, "Upper extremity motor impairments and microstructural changes in bulbospinal pathways in chronic hemiparetic stroke," Frontiers in Neurology, vol.
Preclinical studies have shown that the ICPM effect is mediated by brain stem and bulbospinal mechanisms [13-16].
So ciliary pain is referred to areas associated with cervical segments which connect with the superior cervical ganglion and the somatic outflow from which is represented by bulbospinal root of trigeminal and upper cervical nerves.
Schmidt, "Propriospinal neurons are sufficient for bulbospinal transmission of the locomotor command signal in the neonatal rat spinal cord," The Journal of Physiology, vol.
Ogawa, "In vivo recordings of bulbospinal excitation in adult mouse forelimb motoneurons," Journal of Neurophysiology, vol.
These include bilateral Bell's palsy, diabetes, Guillain-Barre syndrome, viral infections, syphilis, basal skull fractures, pregnancy, brainstem encephalitis, cryptococcal meningitis, systemic lupus erythematosus, bulbospinal muscular atrophy and borreliosis.
Mukai et al., "Severity of X-linked recessive bulbospinal neuronopathy correlates with size of the tandem CAG repeat in androgen receptor gene," Annals of Neurology, vol.
The author was initially given two synonyms for SBMA by a physician: Kennedy disease and X-linked bulbospinal neuronopathy.
In addition, during the early paralytic stages of EAE, damage to the bulbospinal serotonergic neurons occurs, whereas neurologic recovery is associated with reestablishment of spinal serotonergic transmission.
* bulbospinal Alexanders (type 2), which primarily has an adult onset with the presence of muscle weakness, hyperreflexia, bulbar or pseudobulbar symptoms, signal abnormalities and atrophy observed in an MRI of the medulla oblongata and upper cervical spinal cord
The fatal sequelae of this type of bite are bulbospinal paralysis, including respiratory paralysis.
Another potential contribution to the pain-generating mechanism is the role of descending bulbospinal monoaminergic pathways.