The patient received treatment with intravenous steroids showing markedly improvement of bulbar
symptoms (dysphagia, and hoarseness).
reported their experience with 103 2-stage repairs (N=92 after pure bulbar
strictures excluded) and 139 single-stage repairs (20 PFF).
(12) Cases of ALS have been described in which combined epidural and general anesthesia with the use of a laryngeal mask (provided there is no bulbar
or trunk dysfunction, ie, full stomach) (13) have been used in order to avoid the use of neuromuscular relaxation and reduce the need to manipulate the airway as much as possible; it can even allow spontaneous ventilation if the surgery permits it.
Patients with neurological deficit, bladder stone, enlarged prostate and meatal stenosis, complete obliteration of the bulbar
urethra, multiple stricture or previous urethroplasty.
Unlike previous studies, the CCA, TMH, and TMA values were measured manually from the inferotemporal wedge region between the bulbar
conjunctiva and eyelid margin.
2 patients had concurrent penile and bulbar
This tool rates the functionality of the ALS patients in performing activities involving 4 different areas and subscores, bulbar
, upper limb, lower limb, and also the respiratory function, each of its questions rated from 0 (total inability) to 4 points (normal function).
Reports of AK affecting the conjunctiva have been limited to the bulbar
conjunctiva, with none reporting the management of tarsal involvement.
urethral strictures treated by Memokath, data in the literature are conflicting.
All patients underwent noninvasive ocular surface examinations in the following order: tear meniscus height (TMH), noninvasive tear film breakup time, bulbar
and limbal hyperemia, and grading of meibomian gland loss with the Oculus Keratograph 5M (Wetzlar, Germany).
palsy (ABP) with no limb weakness, differentiating it from the Miller Fisher syndrome (MFS) and PCB2.
According to the El Escorial criteria and its revisions, diagnosis of ALS relies on identification of UMN and LMN signs within different body regions defined as bulbar
, cervical, thoracic, and lumbar, respectively.