These data can be useful for the procedures of exodontia, when the preservation of the alveolar buccal
bone is important for future rehabilitation with implants, that improve its prognosis; the data will also allow determination of thicknesses to be considered in the placement of microimplants in the premolar area.
The bioavailability of diazepam administered as the buccal
film, assessed by AUC, was comparable or higher than rectal gel for the study population overall and also within each of the four weight categories.
A single arm study of all patients with carcinoma of the buccal
mucosa attending the surgical OPD was conducted between March 2014 and June 2015.
The IMPROVE trial was designed to address a knowledge gap: comparing the efficacy and safety of vaginal misoprostol versus buccal
misoprostol for cervical ripening in women undergoing labor induction at term
Concept of Narrow radial forearm flap and bipaddleradial forearm flap have been described which significantly reduces donor site morbidity by primary closure of wound.7,8 Usually preferred for isolated subunit reconstruction like tongue, oral lining of cheek and floor of mouth, radial forearm flap has also been used as folded flap for full thickness cheek defects.9 Because of its reliability and versatility it has been used for various reconstructions like Scalp, forehead and nose providing thin pliable tissue with reasonable colour match.10-12 We have described a flap design resembling to shape of TETRIS (famous video game) and we believe that it can be used to cover three different subunits (upper and lower lips and buccal
GAB Ah neurons were detected in the buccal
, cerebral, and pedal ganglia of the marine euopisthobranchs Clione limacina (Arshavsky et al., 1993) and Aplysia californica (Soinila and Mpitsos, 1991; Diaz-Rios et al., 1999) and in the nudibranchs Tritonia diomedea, Melibe leonina, Dendronotus iris, and Hermissenda crassicornis (Gunaratne et al., 2014; Gunaratne and Katz, 2016; Webber et al., 2017).
mucosa and tongue was the most common affected sites.
To reduce the patient discomfort because of the palatal injections, researchers have tried many different techniques from in the past like pressure administration, topical anaesthetics, topical cooling through vaporisation, transcutaneous electronic nerve stimulition, and even mixing different aesthetics agents.2 Another article has shown higher diffusibility through soft as well as hard tissue and hence can help in avoiing palatal injection in the third molar removal.3 A comparative study between articane and lidocaine, showed that both the anesthetic agents had very similar behaviour due to the spongy maxillary bone lined by a thin buccal
The use of double buccal
mucosa grafts on the ventral and dorsal bulbar urethra, first described by Palminteri in 2008, since then had been applied only in small series to penile urethral strictures .
Similarly, the buccal
area was the most frequently affected segment with regard to gaps (25.6%).
As the tumor presented as a swelling on the middle third of the face with normal overlying skin and an intact buccal
mucosa intraorally, with scattered foci of Fordyce's spots, there was a confusion regarding the primary site.
Clinical examination revealed several plaques and striated white lesions on the tongue and in the left and right buccal
mucosae (Figure 1(b)) and an exophytic tumor with a smooth whitish surface on the left buccal