Brucella

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Related to brucellas: Brucella melitensis, Brucella neotomae

Brucella

 [broo-sel´ah]
a genus of gram-negative, aerobic, nonmotile cocci or rod-shaped bacteria, the etiologic agent of brucellosis. B. abor´tus, which causes infectious abortion in cattle, is the most common cause of infection in humans; other species pathogenic for humans are B. meliten´sis, found in goats and sheep, and B. su´is, found in swine.

brucella

 [broo-sel´ah]
any member of the genus Brucella. adj., adj brucel´lar.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

Brucella

(brū-sel'lă),
A genus of encapsulated, nonmotile bacteria (family Brucellaceae) containing short, rod-shaped to coccoid, gram-negative cells. These organisms do not produce gas from carbohydrates and are parasitic. They invade all animal tissues and infect the genital organs, the mammary gland, and the respiratory and intestinal tracts; are pathogenic for humans and various species of domestic animals. The type species is Brucella melitensis.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

brucella

(bro͞o-sĕl′ə)
n. pl. bru·cellae (-sĕl′ē) or bru·cellas
Any of various aerobic, short, rod-shaped bacteria of the genus Brucella that are pathogenic to humans and domestic animals.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

Brucella

A genus of gram-negative, nonmotile, non-encapsulated coccobacilli of unresolved taxonomy, which grows slowly on blood and chocolate agars. It is a facultative intracellular pathogen and causes brucellosis.

Accepted species
B melitensis, B abortus, B suis, B ovis, B neotomae, B canis, B ceti, B pinnipedialis, B microti, B inopinata.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

Bru·cel·la

(brū-sel'lă)
A genus of encapsulated, nonmotile bacteria containing short, rod-shaped to coccoid, gram-negative cells. These organisms are parasitic, invading all animal tissues and causing infection of the genital organs, the mammary gland, and the respiratory and intestinal tracts, and are pathogenic for humans and various species of domestic animals.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

Bruce,

Sir David, English surgeon, 1855-1931.
Brucella abortus - infectious bacteria causing abortions in cattle, sheep, mares; causes undulant fever in man and a wasting disease in chickens. Synonym(s): abortus bacillus; Bang bacillus
Brucella - a genus of encapsulated, nonmotile bacteria (family Brucellaceae) causing infection of the genital organs, the mammary gland, and the respiratory and intestinal tracts.
brucellosis - an infectious disease caused by Brucella, and transmitted by direct contact with diseased animals or through ingestion of infected meat, milk, or cheese. Synonym(s): febris undulans; Malta fever; Mediterranean fever; undulant fever
Medical Eponyms © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
(2012) documented that autophagy like vacuoles contribute to multiplication of permissive compartment for Brucella after that ER stage.
Virulence factors as key role for stealthy to intracellular survive of Brucella: Brucella spp.
In recent several studies, it has been reported that Brucella is having mainly five virulence factors that are necessary for intracellular survival and infection, including virB T4SS (Comerci et al., 2001; de Jong et al., 2013), cyclic b-glucan (Martirosyan et al., 2012), two- component sensory and regulatory system BvrS/BvrR (Martin-Martin et al., 2012), Brucella LPS (BrLPS) (Lapaque et al., 2005) and pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs).
Martin, "Survival of the fittest: How Brucella strains adapt to their intracellular niche in the host," Medical Microbiology and Immunology, vol.
Shin et al., "Structural, functional, and immunogenic insights on Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase pathogenic virulence factors from Neisseria meningitidis and Brucella abortus," Journal of Bacteriology, vol.