Brucella

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Brucella

 [broo-sel´ah]
a genus of gram-negative, aerobic, nonmotile cocci or rod-shaped bacteria, the etiologic agent of brucellosis. B. abor´tus, which causes infectious abortion in cattle, is the most common cause of infection in humans; other species pathogenic for humans are B. meliten´sis, found in goats and sheep, and B. su´is, found in swine.

brucella

 [broo-sel´ah]
any member of the genus Brucella. adj., adj brucel´lar.

Brucella

(brū-sel'lă),
A genus of encapsulated, nonmotile bacteria (family Brucellaceae) containing short, rod-shaped to coccoid, gram-negative cells. These organisms do not produce gas from carbohydrates and are parasitic. They invade all animal tissues and infect the genital organs, the mammary gland, and the respiratory and intestinal tracts; are pathogenic for humans and various species of domestic animals. The type species is Brucella melitensis.

brucella

(bro͞o-sĕl′ə)
n. pl. bru·cellae (-sĕl′ē) or bru·cellas
Any of various aerobic, short, rod-shaped bacteria of the genus Brucella that are pathogenic to humans and domestic animals.

Brucella

A genus of gram-negative, nonmotile, non-encapsulated coccobacilli of unresolved taxonomy, which grows slowly on blood and chocolate agars. It is a facultative intracellular pathogen and causes brucellosis.

Accepted species
B melitensis, B abortus, B suis, B ovis, B neotomae, B canis, B ceti, B pinnipedialis, B microti, B inopinata.

Bru·cel·la

(brū-sel'lă)
A genus of encapsulated, nonmotile bacteria containing short, rod-shaped to coccoid, gram-negative cells. These organisms are parasitic, invading all animal tissues and causing infection of the genital organs, the mammary gland, and the respiratory and intestinal tracts, and are pathogenic for humans and various species of domestic animals.

Bruce,

Sir David, English surgeon, 1855-1931.
Brucella abortus - infectious bacteria causing abortions in cattle, sheep, mares; causes undulant fever in man and a wasting disease in chickens. Synonym(s): abortus bacillus; Bang bacillus
Brucella - a genus of encapsulated, nonmotile bacteria (family Brucellaceae) causing infection of the genital organs, the mammary gland, and the respiratory and intestinal tracts.
brucellosis - an infectious disease caused by Brucella, and transmitted by direct contact with diseased animals or through ingestion of infected meat, milk, or cheese. Synonym(s): febris undulans; Malta fever; Mediterranean fever; undulant fever
References in periodicals archive ?
are less often involved in SD.8,9 The location of the infection is mainly in the lumbar spine, followed by the thoracic and the cervical spine.5,8-10 The aim of this study was to describe and to evaluate the bacteriological agents, clinical features, and laboratory and radiological findings in pyogenic, brucellar, and tuberculous spondylodiscitis patients for differential diagnosis and management.
Spondylodiscitis is divided into the following three types: pyogenic SD (PSD), tuberculous SD (TSD), and brucellar SD (BSD).
Table-III: Imaging findings in patients with pyogenic, brucellar and tuberculous spondylodiscitis
Brucellar spondylodiscitis is endemic in many parts of the world, especially in Mediterranean countries.
A patient with brucellar cervical spondylodiscitis complicated by epidural abscess.
Brucellar and tuberculous spondylitis in 87 adult patients a descriptive and comparative series.
An unusual case of brucellar spondylitis involving both the cervical and lumbar spine.
In conclusion, although rare, neurobrucellosis and brucellar brain abscess should be kept in mind in the differential diagnosis of various neurological symptoms including afebrile seizures especially in endemic areas.