A shrub was classified as intensely browsed if at some point in the life of the shrub: (1) complete annual segment was dead (causing an annual segment to develop from a segment that elongated prior to the previous year); and (2) the dead segment was browsed.
The survey of critical willow habitat in 2000 found that 100% of Geyer willow was intensely browsed in all surveyed areas (Keigley et al.
Moose were tracked in the snow to determine their diet composition from mid-January through mid-February 1995 by counting all browsed twigs along a minimum 50 m of foraging path at each foraging site (Wetzel et al.
Diameters at points of browsing (DPB) and diameters of unbrowsed twigs (DUT) were randomly measured for each plant species represented by browsed twigs.
were not included in the analyses because they were uncommon and browsed minimally.
The genet must contend not only with removal of portions of its tissues, but also competition with its neighbors that may or may not have been browsed by moose.
coniferous), season, and whether the plant has been previously browsed.
Herbivores have influenced structure, biomass, production, and species composition of vegetation in heavily browsed or grazed areas (Jefferies et al.
Species, height (cm), basal diameter (mm), and numbers of unbrowsed and browsed twigs for each stem were recorded.