An abandoned, idled or underused industrial and commercial property, the reuse or redevelopment of which is complicated by real or perceived contamination. Brownfield sites have received US EPA funding for redevelopment.
"The Brownfield Incentive Grant is the first in a series of new programs for brownfields, and each will help land owners and developers cleanup contaminated properties and bring them back into productive use."
"Brownfields are a long-term blight on our communities because the added cost to manage contamination discourages land owners and developers, who then look elsewhere for clean properties to develop," said Dr.
The developed countries have a relatively long experience with the problems of brownfields, beginning already in the 1970s as a result of a massive decline in the mining, heavy and textile industries, and subsequently in the engineering sector as well (Kirkwood, 2001; Davis and Sherman, 2010; Hutton, 2010).
Any site that has been altered by human activity can be considered brownfield. The term includes not just derelict areas in towns and cities, but quarries, brick-pits, old railway lines, gardens and disused airfields.