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Related to bronchoscopy complications: bronchoscopic
bronchoscopy complicationsA bronchoscopic procedure which has gone awry, an event which occurs in 1.3% of cases at a university hospital.
▪ Common—haemorrhage, pneumothroax, pulmonary infiltrates;
▪ Rare—air embolism, mediastinal emphysema.
▪ Common—respiratory depression, laryngospasm;
▪ Rare—bronchospasm, excitability, seizures, hypotension, syncope, cardiorespiratory arrest.
▪ Common—laryngospasm, bronchospasm, hypoxia;
▪ Rare—arrhythmia, fever, bacteremia, pneumonia.
▪ Rare—airway, vascular trauma, instrument breakage.
bronchoscopyFiberoptic bronchoscopy The use of a flexible endoscope to directly examine the upper airways, vocal cords, and the tracheobronchial tree to the 4th to 6th division; bronchoscopy is used to evaluate suspected malignancy or infections, hemoptysis, persistent coughing, and occasionally to take biopsies–transbronchial and cytology–eg, bronchial washings, specimen culture and to remove foreign bodies in the upper airways; bronchoscopy should not be performed unless absolutely necessary in Pts with asthma, severe hypoxia, unstable angina pectoris, or recent MI. See Bronchoalveolar lavage, Laser bronchoscopy.
- Common–hemorrhage, pneumothroax, pulmonary infiltrates; rare–air embolism, mediastinal emphysema
- Common–respiratory depression, laryngospasm; rare–bronchospasm, excitability, seizures, hypotension, syncope, cardiorespiratory arrest
- Common–laryngospasm, bronchospasm, hypoxia; uncommon–arrhythmia, fever, bacteremia, pneumonia
- Rare–airway, vascular trauma, instrument breakage (Fishman 2nded, 1989, p458)