bronchomalacia

bronchomalacia

 [brong″ko-mah-la´shah]
a deficiency in the cartilaginous wall of the trachea or a bronchus that may lead to atelectasis or obstructive emphysema.

bron·cho·ma·la·ci·a

(brong'kō-mă-lā'shē-ă), [MIM*211450]
Degeneration of elastic and connective tissue of bronchi and trachea.
[broncho- + G. malakia, a softening]

bron·cho·ma·la·ci·a

(brong'kō-mă-lā'shē-ă)
Degeneration of elastic and connective tissue of bronchi and trachea.
[broncho- + G. malakia, a softening]
References in periodicals archive ?
Differential diagnosis of wheeze in children <5 years of age* Category Disease entity Congenital upper airway Complete tracheal rings Tracheomalacia Laryngomalacia Vocal cord palsy/paresis Subglottic stenosis/post-intubation/ congenital Congenital lower airway Vascular rings/slings Bronchomalacia Aspiration Gastroesophageal reflux disease Swallowing inco-ordination Laryngeal cleft Tracheo-oesophageal fistula Bronchiectasis Cystic fibrosis Primary ciliary dyskinesia Persistent bacterial bronchitis Primary immunodeficiency HIV Endobronchial lesions Foreign body Tuberculosis granuloma Malignancies Cardiac Enlarged heart Congenital heart disease (left-to-right shunts) * Adapted from White et al.
mucosal webs), extrinsic compression from vascular anomalies or congenital deficiency of bronchial cartilage and ensuing bronchomalacia. (13) The obstructed region becomes hyperinflated from collateral drift through check-valve mechanism at the level of the bronchus, with a greater amount of air entering on inspiration than exiting on expiration.
She was also born with Bronchomalacia - a floppiness of the bronchi - meaning she needs a ventilator to help her breathe on her own because her left lung doesn't work.
He has been diagnosed with a lung condition called bronchomalacia, which means he will need long-term ventilation support.
The most frequent bronchoscopic findings were respectively endobronchial tumors (16 cases), anthracofibrosis (10 cases), bronchomalacia (4 cases), abnormal mucous (4 cases), and tracheomalacia (1 case).
As such, mediastinal cysts tend to present with respiratory symptoms, including tracheomalacia or bronchomalacia.
Laryngomalacia, tracheomalacia, bronchomalacia, subglottic stenosis, and restrictive lung disease may worsen the anesthesia management and prognosis.
Bronchoscopy prior to any the surgical procedure tends to be very rewarding, as it permits the confirmation of bronchomalacia and continues with the planned surgical approach, or in some cases, find an extrinsic mass or endobronchial obstruction, and avoid lobectomy [13].
Transmural inflammation occurs, not only destroying important supportive mural tissues such as smooth muscle and cartilage causing bronchomalacia, but also resulting in scarring of the wall, leading to both airway thickening and dilatation of the airways up to the periphery of the lung [34] (Figure 6).
Respiratory abnormalities were only detected in 3.8% of cases, with pulmonary hypoplasia, pulmonary hypertension, congenital diaphragmatic hernia and bronchomalacia being implicated, as found in the literature.