Clinical profile and management of tuberculous Bronchoesophageal fistula.
Acquired Benign Bronchoesophageal Fistulas in the Adult.
As candidal colonization of the esophagus is common in HIV-infected individuals with low CD4 counts, candida may be suspected but cannot be proven, as the definitive etiology of bronchoesophageal fistula in our patient.
Tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) is much more common than bronchoesophageal fistula (BEF).
Acquired tracheoesophagoal and bronchoesophageal fistula.
Repair of acquired tracheoesophagoal and bronchoesophageal fistula.
6 Risher WH, Arensman RM, Ochsner JL: Congenital bronchoesophageal fistula.
Smith BD Jr, Mikaelian DO, Cohn HE: Congenital bronchoesophageal fistula in the adult.
A bronchoesophageal fistula
was also diagnosed, for which he declined intervention.
Adult Bronchoesophageal Fistula
Diagnosed on Computed Tomography.
Patients with malignant tracheoesophageal or bronchoesophageal fistula
should be considered for stenting of the esophagus, airway, or both for symptomatic relief, but attempts at curative resection or esophageal bypass are not recommended (grade 1C).