However, in our immunocompromised patient, JEV RNA was detected in a serum specimen from 10 days before symptom onset and in bronchoalveolar fluid
and CSF samples from days 5 and 6, respectively, after symptom onset, reflecting the inability of this immunocompromised patient to effectively clear the virus.
11] reported that a 77-year-old GCA patient was admitted to hospital with dyspnea and culture of bronchoalveolar fluid
Patients were diagnosed with PIV3 infection by viral nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT) done on nasopharyngeal swab and bronchoalveolar fluid
lavage (BAL) samples.
At 8 weeks of age, the investigators measured cytokine levels in bronchoalveolar fluid
to evaluate inflammatory responses and airway responsiveness to methacholine (a bronchoconstrictor).
The bronchoalveolar fluid
was obtained by centrifugation and stored at -20 [degrees] C until use.
However, detection of Aspergillus species in bronchoalveolar fluid
by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) enables early diagnosis of IPA .
20) demonstrated increases in cystatin C and cathepsin L in bronchoalveolar fluid
from emphysema patients, possibly pointing to a disease- and not a drug-related phenomenon.
First isolation of Tropheryma whipplei from bronchoalveolar fluid
and clinical implications.
Moreover, the reduced levels of IL-5 observed in serum, lung homogenates and bronchoalveolar fluid
demonstrated the anti-inflammatory mechanisms of L.
Increased levels of NGF have been found in the serum, bronchial tissue, and bronchoalveolar fluid
of patients with allergy and asthma (Bonini et al.