bronchial breathing

(redirected from bronchial breath sounds)

bron·chi·al breath·ing

breath sounds of a harsh or blowing quality, heard on auscultation of the chest, made by air moving in the large bronchi and barely, if at all, modified by the intervening lung; duration of the expiratory sound is as long as or longer than that of the inspiratory sound, and its pitch as high as or higher than that of the inspiratory sound; may be heard over a consolidated lung, above a pleural effusion due to an underlying compressed lung, and rarely over a pulmonary cavity; whispered pectoriloquy is another manifestation that usually can be elicited when bronchial breathing is present.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012


The act of inhaling and exhaling air. See: chest; respiration

abdominodiaphragmatic breathing

A controlled method of breathing in which the diaphragm is used for inspiration and the abdominal muscles for expiration. This technique improves exertional dyspnea, esp. in patients with chronic pulmonary disease. Synonym: diaphragmatic breathing

apneustic breathing

An abnormal breathing pattern marked by prolonged inspiration followed by an inspiratory pause. This is usually associated with brainstem injuries.

assisted breathing

Any technique that improves respiration. Such breathing includes the provision of supplemental oxygen, bag-valve-mask ventilation, noninvasive ventilation, mechanical ventilation, and mouth-to-mouth ventilation.

asthmatic breathing

Harsh breathing with prolonged wheezing heard throughout expiration.

ataxic breathing

An irregular, uncoordinated breathing pattern common in infants.

belly breathing

Abdominal respiration.

Biot breathing

See: Biot breathing

bronchial breathing

Bronchial sounds.

Cheyne-Stokes breathing

See: Cheyne-Stokes respiration

continuous positive-pressure breathing

A method of mechanically assisted pulmonary inflation. A device administers air or oxygen to the lungs under a continuous pressure that is always greater than zero.
Synonym: continuous positive-pressure ventilation

diaphragmatic breathing

Abdominodiaphragmatic breathing.

frog breathing

A respiratory pattern in which the air in the mouth and pharynx is forced into the lungs by gulping and swallowing it. This may be observed in patients whose respiratory muscles are weak or paralyzed.

glossopharyngeal breathing

A technique of breathing in which the patient with inspiratory muscle weakness increases the volume of air breathed in by taking several gulps of air, closing the mouth, and forcing air into the lungs.

high-altitude periodic breathing

Brief episodes of central apnea that occur in hypoxemic environments, esp. in elevations that are 13,000 ft or more above sea level.

inspiratory resistive breathing

Inspiration with an added workload to increase the strength and endurance of the inspiratory muscles.

intermittent positive-pressure breathing

Abbreviation: IPPB
A mechanical method for assisting pulmonary ventilation with a device that administers air or oxygen for the inflation of the lungs under positive pressure. Exhalation is usually passive.
Synonym: intermittent positive-pressure ventilation

Kussmaul breathing

See: Kussmaul, Adolph

mouth breathing

Inhaling and exhaling through the oral cavity instead of the nose. It occurs in people who have abnormal facial bone structure, as well as in individuals with nasal or sinus congestion. It has been associated with and may cause developmental abnormalities of the facial structure, esp. elongation of the facial bones.

periodic breathing

An irregular respiratory pattern marked by alternating periods of rapid and slow respirations and by apneic periods lasting 15 sec or less. It is a commonly observed breathing pattern in neonates and infants and in some individuals having sleep apnea.

pursed-lip breathing

An expiratory maneuver in which the patient exhales through puckered lips to slow expiratory flow and to create slight back pressure. This action may prevent premature closure of intrapulmonary airways, esp. in the patient with chronic obstructive lung disease.

shallow breathing

Breathing in which the volume of inspired and expired air is diminished (e.g., 200 ml per breath in adults). It is common in elderly patients, patients with rib or pleural pain, or restrictive lung diseases.

yogic breathing

Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
On admission, physical examination revealed prominent clubbing, SpO2 76%, tachycardia, tachypnea, BP 110/80mmHg, raised JVP, bilateral pedal oedema, tubular bronchial breath sounds over right infrascapular region and late inspiratory crackles, predominantly over bilateral infrascapular regions.
Presence of bronchial breath sound as a sign of consolidation found to be persisted even after antipseudomonal antibiotics.
Bronchial breath sounds are harsh, loud, and high-pitched, and are heard over the trachea and thorax.
To a lesser extent the same can be said of bronchial breath sounds and the relative acoustic silence of non-ventilated or poorly aerated zones.
Although physical exam for rales or bronchial breath sounds can be important, it is less sensitive and specific than chest films.
Physical examination showed a temperature of 40.2[degrees]C and bronchial breath sounds at the right upper zone lung field.
Other physical findings (rhonchi, crackles, decreased breath sounds, dullness to percussion, and bronchial breath sounds) yielded LR+s from 1.5 to 3.5, respectively.
Rales and bronchial breath sounds were common, and chest x-ray confirmed pneumonia in 28 patients.
Chest examination revealed dullness to percussion at the left lung base with bronchial breath sounds and rales.
Fever and tachycardia were commonest signs in patients with late onset VAP with 61% having it and other signs were crepitation's (58%), bronchial breath sounds (39%), increased VR/TF 29% and pleural effusion 16%.
Crackles and bronchial breath sounds may be heard over the affected lung tissue.