bronchial artery


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to bronchial artery: pulmonary artery, bronchial vein

bronchial artery

A branch of the thoracic aorta or the upper intercostal arteries; usually there are two left bronchial arteries and one right bronchial artery. The bronchial arteries follow the arborization of the bronchial tree and supply oxygenated blood to the walls of the bronchi and bronchioles and to the connective tissue of the lungs. The first branches of the bronchial arteries include small arteries to the esophagus, pericardium, and mediastinum.
See: aorta for illus.
See also: artery
References in periodicals archive ?
Radiological findings and outcomes of bronchial artery embolization in cryptogenic hemoptysis.
Prognosis and Predictors of Rebleeding After Bronchial Artery Embolization in Patients with Active or Inactive Pulmonary Tuberculosis.
Baxter, "Utility of fiberoptic bronchoscopy before bronchial artery embolization for massive hemoptysis," American Journal of Roentgenology, vol.
Of the 282 patients who presented with massive haemoptysis, 141 patients underwent bronchial artery embolisation (BAE).
In most cases (96.38%) it gave rise to one right bronchial artery and one posterior intercostal artery; in two cases (2.40%) it is divided into one left bronchial artery and one posterior intercostal artery; in one case (1.20%) it originated from one left bronchial artery, one right bronchial artery, and posterior intercostal artery; and in one case (1.20%) it branched into one right bronchial artery, two left bronchial arteries, and posterior intercostal artery.
The disease should be suspected in young male patients with peripheral venous thrombosis and pulmonary or bronchial artery aneurysm.
The adult patients (> 18 years of age) with massive haemoptysis, managed by embolising branches of bronchial artery were included.
Yu, "Endovascular embolization of an aberrant bronchial artery originating from the vertebral artery in a patient with massive hemoptysis," CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology, vol.
However, for IAA, the accompanied malformations of the aortic arch, pulmonary artery, subclavian artery and bronchial artery, etc .
Bronchial artery embolization (BAE) has become an established treatment in the management of massive and recurrent hemoptysis.
Bronchial artery embolisation has been used as preferential treatment for recurrent and massive haemoptysis since 1973.