The applied equations for the removal percentage of bromated
and adsorption capacities are outlined in (2-1), where ([C.sub.i]) is the initial concentration of Br[O.sub.3.sup.-] anion after pH adjustment and filtration in mg/L, ([C.sub.f]) is the final Br[O.sub.3.sup.-] anion concentration after adsorption and filtration in mg/L, (V) is the volume of solution in liters, ([M.sub.s]) and is the amount of adsorbent in g:
The Titric System, combining titration and ion chromatography means we can measure - from a single sample - pH, conductivity, hardness, alkalinity and anions, including bromated
, cations and ionic balance.
Regarding flour and dry milk, I was able to make connections with a bakery wholesaler who sells 50-pound bags of flour (we buy bread flour because it is unbleached and not bromated
and will work just as well as all purpose), semolina flour (for noodles), oats, dry milk, shortening, and non-iodized salt (good to have for preserving food).