sulfur

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sulfur

 [sul´fer]
a chemical element, atomic number 16, atomic weight 32.064, symbol S. (See Appendix 6.)
sulfur dioxide a colorless, nonflammable gas used as an antioxidant in pharmaceutical preparations; it is also an important air pollutant, irritating the eyes and respiratory tract.
precipitated sulfur a topical scabicide, antiparasitic, antibacterial, antifungal, and keratolytic.
sublimed sulfur a topical scabicide and antiparasitic.

sul·fur (S),

(sŭl'fŭr),
An element, atomic no. 16, atomic wt. 32.066, that combines with oxygen to form sulfur dioxide and sulfur trioxide; these two compounds combine with water to make strong acids. Sulfur combines with many metals and nonmetallic elements to form sulfides; it is mildly laxative, and has been used to treat rheumatism, gout, bronchitis, and, externally, skin diseases.
Synonym(s): brimstone
[L. sulfur, brimstone, sulfur]

sulfur

/sul·fur/ (sul´fer) [L.] a chemical element, at. no. 16, symbol S; it is a laxative and diaphoretic and is used in diseases of the skin.
sulfur dioxide  a colorless, nonflammable gas used as a pharmaceutical antioxidant; also an important air pollutant, irritating the eyes and respiratory tract.
precipitated sulfur  a topical scabicide, antiparasitic, antibacterial, antifungal, and keratolytic.
sublimed sulfur  a topical scabicide and antiparasitic.

sulfur (S)

[sul′fər]
Etymology: L
a nonmetallic, polyvalent, tasteless, odorless chemical element that occurs abundantly in yellow crystalline form or in masses, especially in volcanic areas. Its atomic number is 16, and its atomic mass is 32.07. It is used in the production of sulfuric acid and used in metallurgy, rubber vulcanization, petroleum refining, and many other industrial processes. Sulfur has been used in the treatment of gout, rheumatism, and bronchitis and as a mild laxative. The sulfonamides, or sulfa drugs, are used in the treatment of various bacterial infections. Also spelled sulphur.

sulfur

The American spelling of sulphur, and the accepted spelling by the Internation Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC).

sul·fur

(S) (sŭl'fŭr)
An element, atomic no. 16, atomic wt. 32.066, which combines with oxygen to form sulfur dioxide (SO2) and sulfur trioxide (SO3); these combine with water to make strong acids, and with many metals and nonmetallic elements to form sulfides; used externally in the treatment of skin diseases.
Synonym(s): sulphur.
[L. sulfur, brimstone, sulfur]

sul·fur

(S) (sŭl'fŭr)
In oxide forms, added to water to make strong acids and used externally to treat skin diseases.
Synonym(s): sulphur.
[L. sulfur, brimstone, sulfur]

sulfur (S),

n a nonmetallic, multivalent, tasteless, odorless chemical element that occurs abundantly in yellow crystalline form or in masses, especially in volcanic areas. Its atomic number is 16, and its atomic weight is 32.064. It has wide use in industry. Sulfur has been used in the treatment of gout, rheumatism, and bronchitis and as a mild laxative.
sulfur granules,
n a yellow-white particle found in actinomycosis and diagnostic of actinomycosis infection. See also actinomycosis.

sulfur

a chemical element, atomic number 16, atomic weight 32.064, symbol S. See Table 6. Elemental sulfur is fed to animals to reduce their volume of feed intake, for example in a feedlot using self-feeders. It is also fed as an oldfashioned worm prophylaxis and coccidiostat.
Overfeeding of elemental sulfur causes enteritis characterized by black, evil smelling diarrhea. See also hydrogen sulfide poisoning.

sulfur dioxide
a poisonous gas liberated by some industrial enterprises, e.g. copper smelting, from silage to which sodium metabisulfite has been added as a preservative and in oldfashioned treatments for mange. The gas causes irritation of the upper respiratory tract and pneumonia in severe cases. Commonly used as a meat preservative where it selectively destroys thiamin and has been incriminated as a cause of thiamin deficiency, particularly in dogs and cats.
sulfur granule
small, soft to mineralized bodies in the pus of lesions of actinomycosis. Called also drusen.
lime-sulfur
sulfur myopathy
skeletal and myocardial degeneration caused by the feeding of toxic levels of sulfur.
sulfur nutritional deficiency
ruminants may need supplemental inorganic sulfur if the bulk of their nitrogen is not in the form of protein but as urea or ammonium phosphate. A deficiency in these circumstances causes anorexia, weight loss, poor digestion and fall in milk yield.
precipitated sulfur
a scabicide, antiparasitic, antifungal and keratolytic. Called also milk of sulfur.
sulfur stinker
a can of preserved meat contaminated by Clostridium nigrificans causing the formation of hydrogen sulfide, and black or purple staining of the inside of the can.
sulfur sublimatum, sublimed sulfur
a parasiticide and scabicide. Called also flowers of sulfur.
technetium coated sulfur colloid
used in scintigraphy of the liver and reticuloendothelial systems. Called also 99mTc sulfur colloid.
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