breeder reactor

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breeder reactor

A nuclear reactor which can produces more fissile nuclear fuel than it consumes, because the neutrons breed fissile fuels from 238U and 232Th. Breeder reactors were popular until increasing reserves of uranium where found.
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For instance, it was claimed that the release of one ton of plutonium into the atmosphere could give every person on earth lung cancer, and operating breeder reactors on a large scale would double the amount of plutonium on earth every ten years ("AEC Asks Billions for the Breeder" 1971).
In the 1970s, breeder advocates were predicting that the world would have thousands of breeder reactors operating by now.
breeder reactors (1 operating, 1 under construction);
s fiscal 1986 budget request, the replacement value of the plutonium from the breeder reactor alone would be $1 billion.
Fast Breeder Reactors are safe and efficient apart from the benefits from environmental considerations.
Because of the failure of breeder reactors, Japan, like France and the United Kingdom, has a plutonium disposal problem.
The irradiated fuel can be used for fast breeder reactors and we can process plutonium which can be essential for nuclear deterrence," Bhardwaj said.
Reportedly, the increase to 20 GWe would be achieved through a mix of pressurized heavy water reactors (PHWRs), light water reactors and fast breeder reactors, including construction of five fast breeder reactors of 500 MWe each and the import of eight light water reactors of 1000 MWe each.
On July 20, 2016, the foreign delegation visited the Beloyarsk Nuclear Power Plant, where participants could learn about Russian operational experience of fast breeder reactors.
In addition, it is proposed to add two more Fast Breeder Reactors (FBR) 1&2 (2x600 MW) at Kalpakkam Site.
The three stage nuclear power programme, which is to be implemented sequentially, aims to multiply the domestically available fissile resources through the use of natural Uranium in Pressurised Heavy Water Reactors (first stage), followed by use of Plutonium obtained from the spent fuel of Pressurised Heavy Water Reactors in Fast Breeder Reactors, in the second stage.
But energy demand tapered off with slower economic growth in Japan, and the development of fast-breeder reactors stopped when the Monju Fast Breeder reactor in Fukui Prefecture had to be shut down after a serious accident in December 1995.