breeder reactor

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breeder reactor

A nuclear reactor which can produces more fissile nuclear fuel than it consumes, because the neutrons breed fissile fuels from 238U and 232Th. Breeder reactors were popular until increasing reserves of uranium where found.
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For instance, it was claimed that the release of one ton of plutonium into the atmosphere could give every person on earth lung cancer, and operating breeder reactors on a large scale would double the amount of plutonium on earth every ten years ("AEC Asks Billions for the Breeder" 1971).
"In the 1970s, breeder advocates were predicting that the world would have thousands of breeder reactors operating by now.
* breeder reactors (1 operating, 1 under construction);
Some of that plutonium was produced by an experimental breeder reactor; most of the rest came from spent fuel generated by Hanford's N plant.
Because of the failure of breeder reactors, Japan, like France and the United Kingdom, has a plutonium disposal problem.
"The irradiated fuel can be used for fast breeder reactors and we can process plutonium which can be essential for nuclear deterrence," Bhardwaj said.
Contents Introduction 1 Background 4 India's Nuclear Facilities 6 Research Reactors 8 Power Reactors 9 Breeder Reactors 12 Uranium Enrichment 12 Spent Fuel Reprocessing 12 Heavy Water Production 12 Uranium Recovery and Conversion 13 Factors Influencing the Separation Plan 13 U.S.
(44) Under Secretary of State Nicholas Burns told reporters in a press conference on March 2, 2006, that "India has agreed that in the future all of its future civilian power reactors, thermal reactors and breeder reactors, will be placed under international safeguards." (45) India's current breeder reactors--the Fast Breeder Test Reactor and the Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor under construction--reportedly were not declared as civilian.