breath-holding spell


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breath-holding spell

stereotyped sequence seen in children responding to frustration or anger, with vigorous crying, and subsequent apnea and cyanosis followed by cessation of breathing and skin color changes with loss of consciousness.

breath-holding spell

An involuntary pause in breathing, typically occurring in response to a surprise or personal setback which may, in extreme cases, be accompanied by a loss of consciousness.
References in periodicals archive ?
KEY WORDS: Breath-holding spell Corrected QT Electroencephalography Iron deficiency anemia.
Some parents may be alarmed about epilepsy, but it may help to describe a typical breath-holding spell for them.
Although there is controversy as to whether or not all patients presenting to the emergency department should be admitted (Claudius & Keens, 2007), to not deviate from the standard of care (Goldberg, Schwartz, & Picard, 2007), there would need to be clear and convincing evidence that the infant only experienced a breath-holding spell. Of the 3% of infants experiencing breath-holding spells, 15% to 25% present under six months of age and are marked by an emotional precipitating event (DiMario, 2001).
Q My toddler had a cyanotic breath-holding spell after a fall where he struck his head on concrete from a height of about four to five feet.
If your child's doctor confirms that the episode was indeed a breath-holding spell, your child may be checked for anemia.
After a first breath-holding spell occurs, a pediatrician should evaluate your child.
Comment: Iron supplementation, regardless of the child's iron status, appears to treat breath-holding spells in children.
Breath-holding spells (BHS) are the most common form of non epileptic paroxysmal events in infancy,yet to date, their precise etiopathogenesis remains unknown.
A recent case control study from Turkey reported maturation delay in myelination of the brainstem as assessed from the interpeak latencies on brainstem auditory evoked potential, as the cause of Breath-holding spells. [14] Pallid and cyanotic Breath holding spells both are frequent causes of syncope and anoxic seizures in early childhood.
Breath-holding spells occur between the ages of 6 months and 5 years in children.
Breath-holding spells (cyanotic and pallid infantile syncope).