breast milk


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Human milk is similar to cow’s milk in water content (88%), specific gravity (1.030), fat content (3.5%), energy value (0.67 kcal/ml) and type of sugar-lactose. Breast milk has fewer minerals, certain vitamins (thiamin and riboflavin), and protein (1.0–1.5% vs. 3.3%) than cow’s milk, the latter due to a 6-fold increased in casein; it has more carbohydrates (6.5–7.0% vs. 4.5%), vitamins C and D, and equivalent amounts of vitamins A and B and niacin; it also contains bradykinin, EGF, gonadotropin-releasing hormone, IGF-I, melatonin, mammotropic growth factor, NGF, oxytocin. It is usually sterile, provides IgA, and is more easily digestible, as reflected in rapid transit time; breast-fed infants have a better response to vaccines than formula-fed infants

breast milk

Neonatology Human milk is similar to cow milk in the water content–88%, specific gravity, 1.030, fat content–3.5%, energy value–0.67 kcal/ml and type of sugar—lactose. See Breast-feeding, La Leche League; Cf Certified milk, Humanized milk, Raw milk, White beverages.

breast milk

Milk obtained from the mammary glands of the human breast. It is the ideal source of nutrition for most infants, since it contains maternal antibodies that protect the child from infection, and other substances that promote development of the brain and the gastrointestinal tract, among other organs. Human breast milk that is collected and refrigerated immediately may be used for up to 5 days. If it is collected, frozen, and stored at −17.7°C (0°F), it is safe for 6 months.

CAUTION!

breast-feeding by mothers with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is not recommended, because of the risk of transmission of HIV to the child.
See also: milk
References in periodicals archive ?
"Infants who are born to mothers of unhealthy weight status may be metabolically programmed to have a less favourable growth response to breast milk," said Dr Nuss.
Although breast milk is especially beneficial for preterm infants, fewer preterm than term infants received breast milk in the first few days of life.
BOTTLE BABY Experts say formula not as healthy as breast milk
The donated breast milk will be turned over to the Batangas Medical Center milk bank for processing and pasteurizing, said Dr.
Wells were marked as RM (raw milk), BM (breast milk) and normal saline (0.9% NaCl) respectively.
'Unravelling the mysteries of breast milk,' he explained how latest developments about the subject have helped bring to light yet unknown connections between the child's immunity and breastfeeding.
"Domperidone is well tolerated and results in a moderate short-term increase in expressed breast milk volume among mothers of preterm infants previously identified as having insufficient breast milk supply," the authors write.
With no milk banks in Wales, hospitals must rely on specialist couriers to deliver breast milk from centres in Chester and Birmingham.
Statistical analysis reveals existence of significant correlation between the geographical region and SCC count of milk collected from healthy breast whereas no correlation was observed in infected breast milk. The study has also demonstrated that a lineer correlation exists between SCC and abundance of bacteria present in breast milk.
A SUGAR found in the breast milk of some women may protect babies from potentially lifethreatening infection, scientists have discovered.
BALTIMORE--For a premature infant, breast milk straight from Mom or a donor may not be the ideal meal.