breast examination


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examination

 [eg-zam″ĭ-na´shun]
inspection or investigation, especially as a means of diagnosing disease.
breast examination in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as inspection and palpation of the breasts and related areas.
mental status examination a standardized procedure to gather data to determine etiology, diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment for patients with mental disorders.
pelvic examination physical assessment of the internal pelvic organs. It includes inspection with a speculum, a papanicolaou smear, bimanual palpation, and a rectovaginal examination.
physical examination examination of the bodily state of a patient by ordinary physical means, as inspection, palpation, percussion, and auscultation.
postmortem examination autopsy.

screening

Medtalk The evaluation of an asymptomatic person in a population, to detect an unsuspected disease process not known to exist at the time of evaluation; screening tests measure specific parameters–eg, bp–for HTN, sigmoidoscopy–colorectal CA, imaging–eg, mammography–breast CA or lab parameters–eg, cholesterol–CAD, guaiac-positive stools–colorectal CA or Pap smears of the uterine cervix–cervical CA; screening tests in general have high sensitivities and low specificities, which allows detection of most Pts with a morbid condition, while having the acceptable disadvantage of a high rate of false positivity. See Cancer screening, Colorectal screening, Developmental screening, Drug screening, Forensic drug screening, Genetic screening, Industry screening Microalbuminuria screening, Multiphasic screening, Newborn screening Psychiatry An assessment or evaluation to determine the appropriate services for a client.
Screening
Blood-pressure Measured in normotensive persons-every 2 years, all age groups
Breast examination, ♀ By physician-every year > age 40; mammography-every 1-2 years, age 35+, every year > age 50
Cervical cytology Pap smear every 1-3 years, starting at age of first intercourse
Cholesterol Measured-every 5 years, but not in younger subjects
Prostate Rectal exam, ideally every year
References in periodicals archive ?
Breast cancer mortality in relation to clinical breast examination and breast self-examination.
I carried out a normal breast examination and am deeply upset.
Chiarelli AM, Majpruz V, Brown P, Theriault M, Shumak R, Mai E The contribution of clinical breast examination to the accuracy of breast screening.
Sexual experience also emerged as a predictor of screening behavior among Asian women, with sexually active Asian women nine times more likely to have had a clinical breast examination than non-sexually experienced women.
The percentages of the examinations that had not been performed by the students were: 52.5% for pelvic examination, 17% for breast examination, 23.5% for male genital examination and 17% for prostate examination.
What is the reported frequency of clinical breast examination provided for elderly women in one state's rural, skilled LTC facilities?
Regala was caught out when 'patient A' asked her doctor why she had to have a breast examination.
At one of her regular physicals, Klein performed a breast examination and ordered a mammogram.
Big giddy smiles--and some tears--have greeted the official opening of a world-class breast examination centre at Helen Joseph Hospital in Johannesburg, complete with feminine touches that only concerned women doctors could have provided.
PHOENIX -- Rates of mammography and clinical breast examination have declined significantly in the United States since the year 2000, Dr.
Of those who have taken the screening, 34.5% have had a clinical breast examination (visual inspection and palpation) and less than 20% have had echo- or mammography screenings.
Clinical breast examination is an important means of averting some deaths from breast cancer, but demands careful attention to technique and thoroughness (SOR: B, extrapolating from a high-quality RCT).