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An infraction or violation of the law, which is either intentional (an act of commission) or unintentional (an omission).

See security breach

noun A term used in the context of time-dependent health care targets in the UK, in which a particular type of patient interaction with NHS health providers did not occur in the desired time frame. In A&E (casualty), patients must be seen within 4 hours, regardless of their level of acuity; any longer than 4 hours is regarded as a breach. For cancer targets, a patient is said to have breached when he/she has not been seen by an oncologist within 31 days of an urgent GP referral, or if definitive cancer therapy has not begun or at least been offered to the patient within 62 days of an urgent GP referral.

verb To have not begun definitive therapy for cancer within 62 days (as required by government cancer targets).


Medical malpractice The failure or alleged failure on the part of a physician or other health care provider to exercise ordinary, reasonable, usual, or expected care, prudence, or skill–that would usually and customarily be exercised by other reputable physicians treating similar Pts–in performing a legally recognized duty, resulting in forseeable harm, injury or loss to another; negligence may be an act of omission–ie, unintentional, or commission–ie, intentional, characterized by inattention, recklessness, inadvertence, thoughtlessness, or wantonness. See Adverse event, Comparative negligence, Contributory negligence, Gross negligence, Malpractice, Wanton negligence, Willful negligence. Cf Recklessness.
Negligence, required elements  
Duty A recognized relationship between Pt and physician
Breach Failure of a medical practitioner to practice in accordance with standard of care
Proximate cause The plaintiff must show that injury is reasonably connected to physician's action
Damages Plaintiff must show that alleged loss or damage has a quantifiable value such that a monetary payment can be made APLM 1997; 121:252


n action taken by one party in an agreement that serves to convince the other party that the terms of the contract will not be fulfilled. The faithful party may consider the contract canceled at that point.
References in periodicals archive ?
Q1 Highlights The Breach Level Index provides details about hundreds of individual data breaches, which can be sorted by source, industry, risk level, and date.
While the volume of breaches continues to increase, it is critical to keep in mind that not all breaches are created equal in terms of the level of severity and damage that they impose on organizations and their customers," said Dave Hansen, President and CEO, SafeNet.
Breaches from lost devices, including laptops, flash drives, tablets, and mobile phones
Negligent staff, disgruntled employees and third-party contractors remain the primary source of data breaches.
For the first time, malicious or criminal attacks are the most expensive cause of data breaches and not the least common one: Nearly a third (31%) of all cases in the 2010 study involved a malicious or criminal attack.
They recognize that insurance is only one component of a sound risk management strategy for addressing data breaches.
He said the group also lobbies states to upgrade and improve their laws on reporting data breaches.
During these breaches, policyholder files are all that's being stolen, he said.
Compared to the first half of 2014, data breaches increased by 10% while the number of compromised data records declined by 41 % during the first six months of this year.
The Identity Theft Resource Center (ITRC) Breach Report recorded 498 data breaches in 2009, down from the 657 reported in 2008.
The concept of the security fortress is no longer valid; there is a high level of certainty that an insurer will have security breaches.