1. a narrow slit or cleft, especially one of the deeper or more constant furrows separating the gyri of the brain.
a deep cleft in the surface of a tooth, usually due to imperfect fusion of the enamel of the adjoining dental lobes. It can be treated with a dental sealant
to decrease risk of caries
anal fissure (fissure in ano) a painful lineal ulcer at the margin of the anus.
anterior median fissure a longitudinal furrow along the midline of the ventral surface of the spinal cord and medulla oblongata.
collateral fissure a longitudinal fissure on the inferior surface of the cerebral hemisphere between the fusiform gyrus and the hippocampal gyrus.
Henle's f's spaces filled with connective tissue between the muscular fibers of the heart.
one extending from the splenium of the corpus callosum almost to the tip of the temporal lobe; called also hippocampal sulcus
palpebral fissure the longitudinal opening between the eyelids.
posterior median fissure
1. a shallow vertical groove in the closed part of the medulla oblongata, continuous with the posterior median fissure of the spinal cord.
a shallow vertical groove dividing the spinal cord throughout its length in the midline posteriorly; called also posterior median sulcus
fissure of round ligament one on the visceral surface of the liver, lodging the round ligament in the adult.
sylvian fissure (fissure of Sylvius) one extending laterally between the temporal and frontal lobes, and turning posteriorly between the temporal and parietal lobes.
transverse fissure 2.
the transverse cerebral fissure between the diencephalon and the cerebral hemispheres; called also fissure of Bichat
zygal fissure any of the fissures on the cerebral cortex that consist of two branches connected by a stem.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.
fissure (fish'ur) [L. fissura, cleft]
A groove, natural division, cleft, slit, or deep furrow in the brain, liver, spinal cord, and other organs. Synonym: fissura
2. An ulcer or cracklike sore.
3. A break in the enamel of a tooth. fissural, adjective
A painful linear ulcer on the margin of the anus. It is a common problem in infancy and fairly common in constipated adults.
Conservative, nonoperative care heals most anal fissures. Patients should be advised to drink a lot of water to lubricate stools, adopt a high-fiber diet, and take a stool softener to ease the passage of stool. Sitting in a warm bath several times a day may help relax the anal sphincters. Medicated creams or ointments may provide topical anesthesia to the anus.
Patients who do not improve with medical therapies may require local injection of botulinum toxin to relax the sphincters or surgery to repair chronic fissures.
anterior median fissure
In the spinal cord, the groove that runs along the ventral midline.
A fissure of the petrous portion of the temporal bone.
branchial fissure See: cleft
Broca's fissure See: Broca, Pierre-Paul
Burdach's fissure See: Burdach, Karl
The fissure extending from the occipital end of the cerebrum to the occipitoparietal fissure.
A conspicuous fissure in the medial surface of the cerebral hemisphere running above and concentric with the curved upper surface of the corpus callosum.
central fissureRolando fissure.
A fissure that consists of five deep horizontal (transverse) grooves that separate the cerebellum into its lobes and lobules.
Clevenger fissure See: Clevenger fissure
The fissure on the inferior surface of the cerebral hemisphere separating the subcalcarine and subcollateral gyri.
A narrow slit posterior to the mandibular fossa of the temporal bone. The chorda tympani nerve passes through it.
Henle fissure See: Henle, Friedrich J.
The fissure extending from the posterior part of the corpus callosum to the tip of the temporal lobe of the brain.
horizontal fissureTransverse fissure (3).
inferior orbital fissure
The fissure at the apex of the orbit through which the infraorbital blood vessels and maxillary branch of the trigeminal nerve pass.
interparietal fissureIntraparietal sulcus.
lateral fissureFissure of Sylvius.
1. The fissure on the lower surface of the liver.
2. A fissure that separates the cerebral hemispheres. The corpus callosum, which connects the hemispheres, is at the base of the fissure.
oblique fissure of lung
In each lung, the deep groove separating the bottom and side of the upper lobe from the top and side of the lower lobe.
The fissure between the occipital and parietal lobes of the brain.
The opening separating the upper and lower eyelids.
The opening into the undersurface of the liver. It continues into the liver as the portal canal.
The anterior division of the sylvian fissure.
Rolando fissure See: Rolando, Luigi
sphenoidal fissure, sphenoid fissure
The fissure separating the wings and body of the sphenoid bone.
sylvian fissure See: Sylvius, Franciscus
fissure of Sylvius See: Sylvius, Franciscus
1. The fissure between the cerebellum and cerebrum.
2. The fissure on the lower surface of the liver that serves as the hilum transmitting vessels and ducts to the liver.
3. The fissure that divides the upper right lobe of the lung from the middle right lobe. Synonym: horizontal fissure
The anterior portion of the longitudinal fissure of the liver. It contains the round ligament, the obliterated umbilical vein.
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