branchial cleft cyst


Also found in: Wikipedia.

bran·chi·al cyst

a cervical cyst arising from developmental persistence of an ectodermal pharyngeal groove, usually the second. It is frequently located anterior to the inferior third of the sternocleidomastoid muscle.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

branchial cleft cyst

A benign developmental cyst arising from the persistence of ectodermal branchial cleft (groove) or endodermal pharyngeal pouches.

Management
Surgical excision if needed.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

branchial cleft cyst

Branchial cyst A cyst-like embryologic rest–remnant present at birth, which arises from branchial clefts, usually the 2nd, at the end of the trachea and branch into the lungs; BCCs often present as asymptomatic unilateral fluctuant masses posteroinferior to the angle of the jaw and anterior to the sternocleidomastoid muscle; it is characterized by having cartilage as part of the supporting wall structure; BCCs may not be recognized until adolescence when enlarged; BCCs may develop a sinus or drainage path to the skin surface from which mucus can be expressed Management Total surgical excision; recurrence is rare
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Cystic nodal metastasis of thyroid papillary carcinoma mimicking branchial cleft cyst: Two case reports.
After considering all the differentials of cystic neck swelling, such as lymphangioma, cavernous hemangioma, branchial cleft cyst, and teratoma, we decided to perform fine-needle aspiration cytology, which revealed benign cystic swelling with the possibility of lymphangioma.
Cervical thymus cyst is a rare entity and resembles lymphangioma or branchial cleft cyst therefore, presents as a diagnostic challenge.
Other rare swelling which are correlated 100% were branchial cleft cyst, laryngocele, lymphangioma, parapharyngeal abscess and parotitis.
Lee, "Branchial cleft cyst as the initial impression of a metastatic thyroid papillary carcinoma: two case reports," The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences, vol.
Second branchial cleft cyst (SBCC) is the most common 132#cystic swelling occurring in the neck [1].
(1) The differential diagnoses for the contents are as follows: metastatic disease, lymphoma, adenitis, obstructed submandibular duct, salivary gland tumors, abscess, Ludwig's angina, thyroglossal duct cyst, hemangioma, lymphangioma, dermoid/epidermoid, diving ranula (complex), second branchial cleft cyst (more common in children) (Figure 16).
The differential diagnosis of laryngopyocele includes laryngeal cyst, fluid-filled laryngocele, branchial cleft cyst and less likely paraganglioma, schwannoma, and thyroglossal duct cysts.
Branchial cleft cyst can be inherited as an autosomal dominant trait (Bums, Dunn, Brady, Starr, & Blosser, 2009).
Lesions may resemble a pyogenic granuloma, actinomycosis, a thyroglossal duct cyst, a branchial cleft cyst, a furuncle, a squamous cell carcinoma and an epidermal cyst (1).
Based on topography and the histopathologic and immunohistochemical results, the masses were determined to be a second branchial cleft cyst for the first case and a second branchial pouch cyst for the second case.
Prior to referral, an ultrasound scan was carried out and revealed a 5 x 2 cm multiloculated (septated) cystic swelling, with internal septae, related to the right sternocleidomastoid with an initial impression of branchial cleft cyst with internal haemorrhage.