branchial cleft cyst


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bran·chi·al cyst

a cervical cyst arising from developmental persistence of an ectodermal pharyngeal groove, usually the second. It is frequently located anterior to the inferior third of the sternocleidomastoid muscle.

branchial cleft cyst

A benign developmental cyst arising from the persistence of ectodermal branchial cleft (groove) or endodermal pharyngeal pouches.

Management
Surgical excision if needed.

branchial cleft cyst

Branchial cyst A cyst-like embryologic rest–remnant present at birth, which arises from branchial clefts, usually the 2nd, at the end of the trachea and branch into the lungs; BCCs often present as asymptomatic unilateral fluctuant masses posteroinferior to the angle of the jaw and anterior to the sternocleidomastoid muscle; it is characterized by having cartilage as part of the supporting wall structure; BCCs may not be recognized until adolescence when enlarged; BCCs may develop a sinus or drainage path to the skin surface from which mucus can be expressed Management Total surgical excision; recurrence is rare
References in periodicals archive ?
Lesions may resemble a pyogenic granuloma, actinomycosis, a thyroglossal duct cyst, a branchial cleft cyst, a furuncle, a squamous cell carcinoma and an epidermal cyst (1).
Based on topography and the histopathologic and immunohistochemical results, the masses were determined to be a second branchial cleft cyst for the first case and a second branchial pouch cyst for the second case.
The patient underwent excisional biopsy of the right neck mass, with a clinical diagnosis of branchial cleft cyst.
12) On the basis of clinical appearance, the differential diagnosis includes pyogenic granuloma, actinomycosis, thyroglossal duct cyst, branchial cleft cyst, furuncle, squamous cell carcinoma, and epidermal cyst.
5) Differential diagnosis for unilateral lesions containing cysts includes sialolithiasis, first branchial cleft cyst, HIV-associated BLEL, adenoid cystic carcinoma, and benign mixed tumor.
The differential diagnosis of cystic cervical masses includes thyroid cyst, thymic cyst, thyroglossal duct cyst, branchial cleft cyst, bronchogenic cyst, lymphangioma and parathyroid cyst (PC) (1).
The 2 lesions that first come to mind in the differential diagnosis of a solitary cystic lesion in the neck are thyroglossal duct cyst and branchial cleft cyst.
We report a true case of primary branchial cleft cyst carcinoma.
The mass was diagnosed as a branchial cleft cyst before complete excision was performed.
The differential diagnosis of a neck mass presenting in infancy includes a cystic hygroma, branchial cleft cyst, thyroglossal duct cyst, hemangioma, vascular malformation, and an abscess.
The list includes various benign and malignant tumors, cholesteatoma, epidermal inclusion cyst, and first branchial cleft cyst.
Ectopic thyroid tissue within a branchial cleft cyst is rare, and a papillary carcinoma arising from this tissue is extremely rare.