Paul has been suffering from brainstem encephalitis
since he was seven, which leaves him incapable of walking very far unaided.
Bickerstaff's brainstem encephalitis
and fisher syndrome form a continuous spectrum: clinical analysis of 581 cases.
These include bilateral Bell's palsy, diabetes, Guillain-Barre syndrome, viral infections, syphilis, basal skull fractures, pregnancy, brainstem encephalitis
, cryptococcal meningitis, systemic lupus erythematosus, bulbospinal muscular atrophy and borreliosis.
Enterovirus 71 usually causes uncomplicated hand-foot-and-mouth disease, but patients can develop aseptic meningitis, acute flaccid paralysis, and fatal brainstem encephalitis
sup], However, the coexistence of RHS and VZV brainstem encephalitis
is extremely rare to our knowledge.
The differential diagnosis of brainstem encephalitis
varies depending on population and geographical region.
The authors report a rare case of HFMD in a neonate complicated with brainstem encephalitis
and pulmonary edema.
Laura says doctors told her brainstem encephalitis
, a rare immune disorder, may have been responsible but they are unable to say for sure.
However, it may cause severe and sometimes fatal neurologic complications, such as brainstem encephalitis
and polio-like paralysis (1 ).
Location of paraneoplastic neurological syndrome and subtypes described Brain Limbic encephalitis Brainstem encephalitis
Cerebellar degeneration Opsoclonus-myoclonus Visual syndromes--cancer-associated retinopathy, optic neuritis Extrapyramidal syndromes--chorea, parkinsonism Spinal cord Necrotising myelopathy Inflammatory myelitis Motor neuron dise ase Stiff person syndrome Subacute motor neuropathy Dorsal root Sensory neuropathy ganglion Peripheral Autonomic neuropathy nerve Acute sensorimotor neuropathy, e.
6) Bickerstaff brainstem encephalitis
occurs in a similar location as CLIPPERS but is radiologically distinct.
Central pontine myelinolysis (CPM), steroid-responsive encephalopathy associated with autoimmune thyroiditis (SREAT), Bickerstaff's brainstem encephalitis
(BBE) are some of the disorders that might present with a localized lesion that specifically involves the pontine area (3).