brain contusion

brain con·tu·sion

a bruising, usually of the surface, of the brain with infarction of brain parenchyma and extravasation of blood but without rupture of the pia-arachnoid; healing results in a superficial depressed sclerotic area, possibly with incorporated meninges.
See also: brain cicatrix.

brain contusion

A bruise on the cerebral cortex, often associated with brain trauma of sufficient force to bruise the brain surface and cause extravasation of blood without rupturing the pia-arachnoid.

Melatonin appears to protect neurones from traumatic brain injury by reducing oxidative stress, STAT1 inactivation and upregulation of SOCS-3 and pro-inflammatory cytokines.

brain contusion

Neurology A head injury often associated with a concussion, which is of sufficient force to bruise the brain surface and cause extravasation of blood without rupturing the pia-arachnoid. See Coup, Contrecoup.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
She was diagnosed brain trauma and minor brain contusion. Her condition is assessed as moderately grave.
Mithoff says the girl had bleeding and swelling in her brain as well as a brain contusion after she was hit.
The prophylaxis of post-traumatic seizure was used in 75 patients (40.54%), the indications were cortical brain contusion, diffuse cerebral oedema, pneumocephalus, acute subdural haematoma, subarachnoid haemorrhage, extradural haematoma and GCS lesser or equal to 10.
A 13-year-old girl who was one of two people injured in a road accident in Protaras on Saturday was transferred to Makarios hospital overnight after being diagnosed with a brain contusion.
study,20 31 patients had brain contusion and four had SDH.
However, no previous reports have described hyponatremia of CSWS occurring after minor head injury in the absence of intracranial bleeding, skull fracture, or brain contusion. This report describes the case of a patient with minor head injury who developed severe hyponatremia due to CSWS.
The IICP of these groups of patients were not related with EDH but an edematous change of the side of DC because of brain contusion. The mean ICP of patients with EDH but needing a second operation for EDH evacuation was 13.60 [+ or -] 4.56 mmHg (range 7-18 mmHg).
The boy was diagnosed with a closed head injury, brain contusion of severe degree, multiple bruises on the face, trunk, legs, anal fissures.
(2010) study, 31 patients had brain contusion and 4 had SDH.
Cusimano, "The natural history of brain contusion: an analysis of radiological and clinical progression: clinical article," Journal of Neurosurgery, vol.