brachycephalic

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brachycephalic

 [brak″e-sĕ-fal´ik]
having a short wide head.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

brach·y·ce·phal·ic

(brak'ē-se-fal'ik),
Relating to or characterized by brachycephaly.
Synonym(s): brachycephalous
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

brachycephalic

(brăk′ĭ-sə-făl′ĭk) also

brachycephalous

(-sĕf′ə-ləs)
adj.
Having a short, broad head with a cephalic index over 80.

brach′y·ceph′a·ly (-sĕf′ə-lē), brach′y·ceph′a·lism n.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

brachycephalic

adjective Referring to a skull which is wider than it is long, usually due to premature closure of the coronal sutures of the cranial vault; it also occurs in young children who lie primarily on their backs without regularly moving position in the crib.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

brachycephalic

Having a short, wide, almost spherical head.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

brachycephalic

(of humans) having a short broad head, a characteristic common amongst the Mongolian people, where the breadth of the head is at least equivalent to the length. See CEPHALIC INDEX.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The compressed facial structures of brachycephalic breeds lead to increased resistance in their airways.
"In larger dogs, there is a higher prevalence in the brachycephalic breeds such as Boxers and English Bulldogs."
The condition is commonly seen in Cocker spaniels, Terriers, Poodles and other brachycephalic breeds (Slatter, 2002).
The study was aimed to estimate the various blood gas parameters in brachycephalic breeds presented with severe respiratory distress and their successfull management.
Keywords: Brachycephalic breeds; blood gas analysis.
With an increase in incidence of BAS in small animal practice, the current project work was taken up with the objectives to estimate the various blood gas parameters in brachycephalic breeds presented with respiratory distress and to successfully manage them.
Brachycephalic breeds are reported to be having high risk up to 30% (Ingwersen, 2005).
Of all fetal dystocia cases encountered in present study, 27.91 percent were in brachycephalic breeds (pug and boxers).
Because of breed predisposition in Beagles, American cocker spaniels, Boston terriers, Poodles and brachycephalic breeds, a genetic predisposition is suspected (Moore, 1993, Jones and Bedford, 1997).
Brachycephalic breeds in particular are more prone to heatstroke and excessive panting due to their facial structure (and they may snore loudly!).
Urethral prolapse is uncommon in dogs, usually diagnosed in young intact brachycephalic breeds (Birchard, 1998; Brown, 1975; Hobson and Hellen, 1971) and most commonly reported in young English bull dog (Fossum, 2007) but has been reported in male dogs of other breeds (Osborne and Sanderson, 1995; Wilson, 1975).
Hobson and Hellen (1971) reported that the relationship between brachycephalic breeds and urethral prolapse may be due to abnormal urethral development or increased abdominal pressure could impair venous return and subsequently could cause chronic engorgement of corpus spongiosum tissue surrounding the distal urethra.