brachycephalic


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brachycephalic

 [brak″e-sĕ-fal´ik]
having a short wide head.

brach·y·ce·phal·ic

(brak'ē-se-fal'ik),
Relating to or characterized by brachycephaly.
Synonym(s): brachycephalous

brachycephalic

(brăk′ĭ-sə-făl′ĭk) also

brachycephalous

(-sĕf′ə-ləs)
adj.
Having a short, broad head with a cephalic index over 80.

brach′y·ceph′a·ly (-sĕf′ə-lē), brach′y·ceph′a·lism n.

brachycephalic

adjective Referring to a skull which is wider than it is long, usually due to premature closure of the coronal sutures of the cranial vault; it also occurs in young children who lie primarily on their backs without regularly moving position in the crib.

brachycephalic

Having a short, wide, almost spherical head.

brachycephalic

(of humans) having a short broad head, a characteristic common amongst the Mongolian people, where the breadth of the head is at least equivalent to the length. See CEPHALIC INDEX.

brachycephalic (brak´isəfal´ik),

adj descriptive term applied to a broad, round head having a cephalic index of more than 80.

brachycephalic

having a short wide head.

brachycephalic breeds
those dog breeds with very short faces, e.g. Boxer, Bulldog, King Charles spaniel, Pekingese, Pug. Associated with this type of skull, these breeds suffer from anomalies of the upper respiratory tract such as stenotic nares, elongated soft palate, and everted laryngeal saccules, and associated disorders, e.g. facial fold dermatitis. They are also predisposed to neoplasms of chemoreceptor tissue.
brachycephalic obstructive syndrome
any of several upper airway disorders, prevalent in brachycephalic dogs, may lead to elongation and thickening of the soft palate, chronic pharyngitis and tonsillitis, inflammation and decreased diameter of the larynx and trachea. Conditions which predispose are everted laryngeal saccules, laryngeal collapse, stenotic nares.
References in periodicals archive ?
The prevalence of clinically affected brachycephalic screw-tailed dogs with congenital vertebral malformations is unknown, but due the high incidence of radiographic signs it could represent an important ''spontaneous'' model of spinal deformity (Guevar et al.
Patients evaluating Cormack-Lehane had a class IV for brachycephalic, indicative of difficult intubation, dolichocephalic and mesocephalic class II, mild difficulty of intubation (Table 3); significant statistical difference when comparing, brachycephalic and each group was found (p=0.
The angles to be analyzed were: the nasolabial angle, formed by the nose columnela and the nasolabial projection; the interincisal angle conformed by the upper and lower incisors; the mentolabial groove depth, that gave the length of depth between the lower lip and the chin; and the mandibular plane angle, which divide the sample, due to its degree of divergence with Frankfort's plane, into brachycephalic ([greater than or equal to] 25[degrees]), mesocephalic ([greater than or equal to] 30[degrees]) and dolichocephalic ([greater than or equal to] 35[degrees]) (Fig.
However, there are still several entries that call for a reworking according to these scientific advances (eg incompletely specified symptoms of achondroplasia, or the definition of brachycephalic that is obscure to some extent, etc.
The intellectual structure based on the division of peoples into dolicocephalic and brachycephalic types, operating by means of the disqualifying notion of 'Mongolisation,' owed its attraction, for the most part, to its consistency with the state of contemporary anthropology.
Between these two distinct canine cranium shapes are many variations that are also breed specific but can't be neatly categorized as brachycephalic or dolichocephalic, such as the rounded skull of the Chihuahua or the downward pointing snout of the Bull terrier.
1-3) Endogenous factors include laryngeal paralysis or brachycephalic syndrome (unable to pant effectively), cardiovascular or neurologic disease, advanced age, obesity, and hair coat thickness and color.
Well, if you have a brachycephalic dog or cat ("snub-nosed" to you and me
On the follow-up, edema in the left upper extremity, where the arterio-venous fistula was located, and collaterals on the thoracic wall were observed; CT angiography of the left upper extremity revealed thrombosis on the connection point of the left subclavian vein and the brachycephalic vein (Fig.
16) See, for example, the Epsilon-Plus porter at the Savage Reservation (87), or the "black brachycephalic Deltas" and the "heat-conditioned Epsilon Senegalese" to whom John Savage is introduced (138).
so-called "Caucasoids" lay mixed with the Negroids and Mongoloids in a way which admits of no way of telling whether one of them had invented a dolichocephalic harness, or another a brachycephalic wheel or still another a mezzocephalic alphabet .
All patients underwent ultrasonic and dopplerography of brachycephalic trunk examination (UDBT) of common carotid artery (CCA), internal carotid artery (ICA) and supratrochlear artery, including transcranial dopplerography examination (as well as study of hemodynamic of medium cerebral artery (MCA), anterior cerebral artery (ACA) and posterior cerebral artery (PCA) by using "LOGIDOP-4" device (made by "Kransbuchler", Germany) equipped with 2.