neuralgic amyotrophy

(redirected from brachial plexus neuropathy)

neu·ral·gic a·my·ot·ro·phy

a neurologic disorder, of unknown cause, characterized by the sudden onset of severe pain, usually about the shoulder and often beginning at night, soon followed by weakness and wasting of various forequarter muscles, particularly shoulder girdle muscles; both sporadic and familial in occurrence with the former much more common; often preceded by some antecedent event, such as an upper respiratory infection, hospitalization, vaccination, or nonspecific trauma; usually attributed to a brachial plexus lesion, because the nerve fibers involved are most often derived from the upper trunk.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

shoulder girdle syndrome

A condition evoked by upregulation of the sympathetic nervous system.
 
Aetiology
Contusions, fractures, neurovascular injuries.
 
Clinical findings
Acute searing pain, marked muscle-weakness, vasomotor lability, oedema, osteoporosis and, with time, wasting of the shoulder girdle and upper arm.
 
DiffDx
• Acute phase—Frozen shoulder, calcific tendonitis or arthritis.
• Chronic phase—Rotator cuff tears, nerve root compression.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

neu·ral·gic a·my·ot·ro·phy

(nūr-al'jik ā'mī-ot'rŏ-fē)
A neurologic disorder of unknown cause, characterized by the sudden onset of severe pain, usually about the shoulder and often beginning at night, soon followed by weakness and wasting of various forequarter muscles, particularly shoulder girdle muscles; both sporadic and familial in occurrence with the former much more common; often preceded by some antecedent event, such as an upper respiratory infection, hospitalization, vaccination, or nonspecific trauma; usually attributed to a brachial plexus lesion, because the nerve fibers involved are most often derived from the upper trunk, but actually multiple proximal mononeuropathies.
Synonym(s): shoulder-girdle syndrome.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
This infant was subsequently diagnosed with Staphylococcus aureus neonatal sepsis, osteoarticular infection complicated with brachial plexus neuropathy was considered, and MRI and electromyography confirmed the diagnosis [6].
It is also known as brachial plexus neuritis, neuralgic amyotrophy, brachial plexitis, brachial plexus neuropathy, or shoulder girdle syndrome or neuritis.
Brachial plexus neuropathy following axillary crutch use most commonly involves posterior cord with some involvement of other cords also and usually gets resolved in 8 to 12 weeks with discontinuation of crutches, oral steroids and methylcobalamin and rehabilitative therapy.
Dyck, "Inflammation and neuropathic attacks in hereditary brachial plexus neuropathy," Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, vol.