brachial plexus injury


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brachial plexus injury

in obstetrics, damage to the brachial plexus related to delivery; associated with excessive lateral stretching of the head, typically in cases of shoulder dystocia or breech deliveries.
See also: brachial birth palsy.

obstetric brachial plexus palsy

A specific type of brachial plexus injury caused by mechanical injury during a difficult childbirth, due either to excessive lateral flexion of the head on the trunk during delivery of the shoulders (shoulder dystocia), or delivery of the head in a traction injury to one or more components of the brachial plexus, resulting in stretching of the plexus.

brachial plexus injury

Obstetrics The squashing of the brachial plexus, almost always due to a shoulder dystocia in a vaginal delivery, which is often associated with transient paralysis See Operative vaginal delivery.

bra·chi·al plex·us in·ju·ry

(brā'kē-ăl plek'sŭs in'jŭr-ē)
Damage to the brachial plexus related to delivery; associated with excessive lateral stretching of the head, typically in cases of shoulder dystocia or breech deliveries.
References in periodicals archive ?
Brachial plexus injury due to tumors results from compression, infiltration, or both.
Important Nerves for Upper Brachial Plexus Injury and Reconstruction Nerve Major muscles innervated Musculocutaneous Biceps brachii, brachialis mm.
Anterior dislocation of the shoulders with bilateral brachial plexus injury.
A nerve conduction study obtained nine days after the surgery was consistent with incomplete, moderately severe brachial plexus injury involving the medial, lateral and posterior cords.
The case that killed the cap involved a patient who suffered a brachial plexus injury during birth.
Neuropraxia, in which the nerve has been damaged but not torn, is the most common type of brachial plexus injury.
A spinal specialist was also brought in and it was he who diagnosed it as a left brachial plexus injury, more commonly referred to as a "stinger.
Attending doctors told Kim her child had a brachial plexus injury commonly known as "Erb's Palsy.
The "clinical atlas" carries information on 15 anatomical systems and case studies covering such injuries as: whiplash, facial laceration, multiple leg fractures, amputation, brain injury, ACL rupture, misdiagnosis, lung cancer, injestion of a caustic substance and brachial plexus injury.
A brachial plexus injury at birth left the infant without sensation or movement in his left shoulder.
The processed nerve allograft technology was implanted during a surgery recently to repair a brachial plexus injury suffered by a 6 month-old baby girl.