brachial plexus injury


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brachial plexus injury

in obstetrics, damage to the brachial plexus related to delivery; associated with excessive lateral stretching of the head, typically in cases of shoulder dystocia or breech deliveries.
See also: brachial birth palsy.

obstetric brachial plexus palsy

A specific type of brachial plexus injury caused by mechanical injury during a difficult childbirth, due either to excessive lateral flexion of the head on the trunk during delivery of the shoulders (shoulder dystocia), or delivery of the head in a traction injury to one or more components of the brachial plexus, resulting in stretching of the plexus.

brachial plexus injury

Obstetrics The squashing of the brachial plexus, almost always due to a shoulder dystocia in a vaginal delivery, which is often associated with transient paralysis See Operative vaginal delivery.

bra·chi·al plex·us in·ju·ry

(brā'kē-ăl plek'sŭs in'jŭr-ē)
Damage to the brachial plexus related to delivery; associated with excessive lateral stretching of the head, typically in cases of shoulder dystocia or breech deliveries.
References in periodicals archive ?
A 20-year-old left-handed male college student incurred left brachial plexus injury in a motorcycle accident.
In 1972, Kotani11 used the spinal accessory nerve, for the first time, as a donor motor nerve for nerve transfer in patients with brachial plexus injury. The spinal accessory nerve is a pure motor nerve adjacent to the brachial plexus in the supraclavicular region; it can be directly anastomosed with the brachial plexus12-14.
Most of the infants with brachial plexus injury weighed more than 3,000 g, but the number of macrosomic babies in the overall study population was 4.2%, and none of these had BPP, which implies a decrease in the number of macrosomic babies in our population.
Mr Wheeler, from Newport, suffered a brachial plexus injury during a mountain bike accident in 2011.
Future research should consider whether high-fidelity drills would lower the rate of brachial plexus injury, she added.
reported techniques and results of upper brachial plexus injury intervention via robotic surgery with a supraclavicular approach, they described the disadvantages as a narrow working space and difficulty to expose the C7 vertebra [1, 5,12].
This could include: | Misdiagnosis of injuries or medical conditions | Pressure ulcers or pressure sores either in NHS or private care | DePuy metal on metal hips | Delays in diagnosis resulting in the chances of recovery being reduced or diminished | Problems as a result of surgery | Problems experienced during childbirth by either mother or child | Brachial plexus injury | Incorrect or inappropriate treatment | The failure of a medical device or associated product | A bad reaction to drugs or products used during investigations | Problems as a result of dental surgery We can help you It's important to choose an experienced solicitor with the correct experience to deal with your claim.
Treatment was beneficial for 89 percent for patients with amputation and 70 percent of those with stroke, compared to 50 percent of those with brachial plexus injury.
Roush told her that Athany's arm would be fine and would go away [sic] in a few months; that she believed the doctor, that at the time of Athany's birth she did not know what a brachial plexus injury was; that for the first time in February 2009, following an MRI, she learned that the injury to Albany could have been caused by medical malpractice; and that at that point she contacted an attorney.
The secondary brachial plexus injury may be a neuropraxia (5) or an axonotmesis (8), the latter having significantly worse prognosis.
Family to family support involves matching families of children with a similar severity of brachial plexus injury, and a commonality in their journey in living with a brachial plexus injury.