brachial plexopathy

brachial plexopathy

A peripheral neuropathy caused by damage to the brachial plexus.

Clinical findings
Pain, numbness, burning and weakness in the shoulder, arm, hand or wrist.

Aetiology
Birth trauma, toxic exposures (e.g., chemicals, drugs, environmental toxins), inflammation (infection, autoimmune-related).

Management
Anti-inflammatories, physical therapy, splints and braces as needed, surgery if compartment syndrome is present, occupational therapy or job retraining.

brachial plexopathy

 Brachial plexus injury, see there.
References in periodicals archive ?
Wrist drop is a manifestation of radial nerve injury (RNI), posterior cord brachial plexopathy, C7 radiculopathy, or a central lesion.
On the basis of clinical, electromyographic, and magnetic resonance imaging findings, we ruled out cervical cord pathologies, brachial plexopathy, multifocal motor neuropathy with conduction block, spinal muscular atrophy, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
Unusual osteochondroma of the medial part of the clavicle causing subclavian vein thrombosis and brachial plexopathy. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2004;86-A(12):2747-50.
Motor and sensory conduction studies of the ulnar, median, radial and dorsal ulnar cutaneous (DUC) nerves of right hand and electromyography (EMG) of the abductor digiti minimi (ADM), flexor carpi ulnaris (FCU), flexor digitorum profundus (FDP), abductor pollicis brevis (APB), extensor indicis proprius (EIP), cervical 8 (C8) and thoracal 1 ([T.sub.1]) paraspinal muscles were performed to exclude lower brachial plexopathy or C8-T1 radiculopathy.
While cesarean section decreases the risk of brachial plexopathy, it may occur also in babies born with this method (9).
These include radiation lung injury (discussed below), oesophagitis, radiation dermatitis, chest wall pain/thoracic pain, rib fracture, bronchial stricture, pleural effusion and brachial plexopathy [9].
Buckwalter, "Unusual osteochondroma of the medial part of the clavicle causing subclavian vein thrombosis and brachial plexopathy: a case report," Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, vol.
They are myofascial pain (38.2%) followed by rotator cuff disease (29.7%), adhesive capsulitis (19.1%), C5 radiculopathy (3.8%), brachial plexopathy (1.7%) and GH arthritis (1%); 2 cases of acromioclavicular joint arthritis and one case of malignancy (multiple myeloma) were also diagnosed (Table 1).
One patient had findings typical of brachial plexopathy which was later on confirmed by nerve conduction study as axonal injury.
His findings were concerning for left Horner's syndrome and lower trunk brachial plexopathy, while the rest of his general physical examination was significant for scattered, non-tender cervical lymphadenopathy.
(7) Other complications include superior vena cava syndrome, septic thrombophlebitis, thoracic duct obstruction, and brachial plexopathy. (11)