boutonneuse fever


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Related to boutonneuse fever: Mediterranean Spotted Fever, abattoir fever

boutonneuse fever

 [boo-ton-ez´]
a tickborne disease endemic in the Mediterranean area, Crimea, Africa, and India, due to infection with Rickettsia conorii, with chills, fever, primary skin lesion (tache noire), and rash appearing on the second to fourth day.

Mediterranean spotted fever

tick-borne infection with Rickettsia conorii seen in Africa, Europe, the Middle East, and India and known by different names in different areas, for example, Marseilles fever, Crimean fever, Indian tick typhus, and Kenya fever. Two forms are Mediterranean exanthematous fever (q.v.), which manifests as skin eruptions, and Mediterranean erythematous fever (q.v.), which manifests as skin redness. See: Rickettsia conorii.

boutonneuse fever

An eastern-hemisphere tick-borne rickettsiosis, which is less severe than Rocky Mountain spotted fever, caused by Rickettsia conorii.
 
Epidemiology
Mediterranean rim countries; transmitted by the dog tick Rhipicephalus sanguineus.

Clinical findings
 7-day incubation, followed by high fever, small ulcer-tache noir (at tick bite site), satellite lymphadenopathy, maculopapular rash, myalgia, arthralgia, headache and photophobia.

Management
Doxycycline, fluoroquinolones.

bou·ton·neuse fe·ver

(bu-tō-nuz' fē'vĕr)
Tick-borne infection with Rickettsia conorii seen in Africa, Europe, the Middle East, and India.
Synonym(s): tick typhus.
References in periodicals archive ?
Clinical and laboratory findings of boutonneuse fever in Sicilian children.
The histology of "taches noires" of boutonneuse fever and demonstration of Rickettsia conorii in them by immunofluorescence.
conorii strain Seven, the finding does not indicate boutonneuse fever is occurring in South Korea because high similarities (98.6%-99.8%) are found among 4 subspecies of R.
These findings suggest that several kinds of rickettsial diseases, including boutonneuse fever, rickettsialpox, R.