botulinum toxin A


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Related to botulinum toxin A: Botox, Botulinum toxin type a

botulinum toxin A

Oculinum Neurology One of several toxins produced by C botulinum, of which the 150 kD type A toxin has been purified and used to treat various neuromuscular junction disorders including strabismus, blepharospasm, spasmodic torticollis, other dystonias, hemifacial spasms, and anal incontinence
References in periodicals archive ?
Due to its effect of blocking the action of acetylcholine at neuromuscular junction, botulinum toxin A is very helpful in relieving muscle spasms.
Repeated botulinum toxin A injections for the treatment of lines in the upper face: a retrospective study of 4,103 treatments in 945 patients.
The therapeutic effects of Botulinum toxin A, first appear in 1 to 3 days, peak in 1 to 4 weeks, and decline after 3 to 4 months.
Botulinum toxin A for myofascial trigger point injection: a qualitative systematic review.
Although its action regarding prevention of release of acetylcholine from the presynaptic nerve terminal is well recognized, the effects of botulinum toxin A appear to be broader.
The most common method of injecting botulinum toxin A is through suburothelial delivery when the patient is under anesthesia in the hospital (Chuang et al.
of the Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, and colleagues performed a review and meta-analysis to assess the association of botulinum toxin A with reducing headache frequency when used for preventive treatment of migraine, tension, or chronic daily headaches in adults.
Botulinum toxin A should not be first-line therapy for overactive bladder.
Botulinum toxin A for axillary hyperhidrosis (excessive sweating).
The two most likely mechanisms for use of botulinum toxin as a terrorist weapon include deliberate contamination of food or beverages or via an aerosol release (71).