botulinum toxin A


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Related to botulinum toxin A: Botox, Botulinum toxin type a

botulinum toxin A

Oculinum Neurology One of several toxins produced by C botulinum, of which the 150 kD type A toxin has been purified and used to treat various neuromuscular junction disorders including strabismus, blepharospasm, spasmodic torticollis, other dystonias, hemifacial spasms, and anal incontinence
References in periodicals archive ?
Table 1 RCTs of botulinum toxin A for depression Study Patients Study method Wollmer 30 patients (23 women), 16 weeks.
Botulinum toxin A treatment of Raynaud's phenomenon: A review.
Ultrasound-guided botulinum toxin A injection: an alternative treatment for dribbling.
Treatment of neurogenic incontinence with botulinum toxin A. N Engl J Med 2000; 342: 665.
Due to its effect of blocking the action of acetylcholine at neuromuscular junction, botulinum toxin A is very helpful in relieving muscle spasms.
Repeated botulinum toxin A injections for the treatment of lines in the upper face: a retrospective study of 4,103 treatments in 945 patients.
Standard dilution of Botulinum toxin A (BOTOX) was used, 100 units diluted in 4 mL of saline (25 units/mL).
(23.) Paul Warrick et al., "The Treatment of Essential Voice Tremor with Botulinum Toxin A: A Longitudinal Case Report," Journal of Voice 14, no.
Efficacy and complications of intradetrusor injection with botulinum toxin A in patients with refractory idiopathic detrusor overactivity.
Botulinum toxin A prevents fusion of the acetylcholine containing synaptic vesicle with the presynaptic membrane by cleaving the SNAP-25 protein, which prevents the release of acetylcholine (Keller & Neale, 2001).
Randomized controlled trial of botulinum toxin A for chronic myogenous orofacial pain.
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the use of botulinum toxin A for overactive bladder due to neurological conditions, such as multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injury, stroke, and Parkinson's disease (Allergan, 2012; Yukhananov & Berkrot, 2011).