Borrelia


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

Borrelia

 [bo-rel´e-ah]
a genus of gram-negative, aerobic, spirochete bacteria that are parasites on mucous membranes and cause borreliosis and other conditions. B. burgdor´feri, transmitted by ixodid ticks, is the cause of acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans, erythema chronicum migrans, and lyme disease. B. recurren´tis is transmitted by the human body louse Pediculus humanus and causes epidemic relapsing fever in various countries around the world. A number of other species are spread by tick bites and also cause relapsing fever.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

Borrelia

(bō-rē'lē-ă, bo-rel'ē-ă),
A genus of bacteria (family Treponemataceae) containing cells 8-16 mcm in length, with coarse, shallow, irregular spirals and tapered, finely filamented ends. These organisms are parasitic on many forms of animal life, are generally hematophytic, or are found on mucous membranes; most are transmitted to animals or humans by the bites of arthropods. The type species is Borrelia anserina. Within the Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato complex, three pathogenic groups have been identified in North America; all strains identified to date as human pathogens belong to the genospecies Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto.
[A. Borrel]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

Borrelia

(bə-rē′lē-ə, -rĕl′ē-ə)
n.
A genus of spirochetes that includes species that cause Lyme disease and relapsing fever.

borrelia

(bə-rĕl′ē-ə, -rē′lē-ə)
n.
Any of various spirochetes of the genus Borrelia that are pathogens of humans, other mammals, and birds, including the causal agents of Lyme disease and relapsing fever.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

Bor·rel·i·a

(bŏ-rel'ē-ă)
A genus of bacteria (family Treponemataceae) containing cells 8 to 16 mcm in length, with coarse, shallow, irregular spirals and tapered, finely filamented ends. These organisms are parasitic on many forms of animal life, are generally hematophytic, or are found on mucous membranes; most are transmitted to animals or humans by the bites of arthropods. The type species is B. anserina.
[A. Borrel]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

Borrelia

A genus of spiral-shaped bacteria that includes the organism Borrelia burgdoferi responsible for LYME DISEASE and Borrelia recurrentis that causes RELAPSING FEVER. (Amedee Borrel, 1867–1936, Strasbourg bacteriologist).
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Fernandez, "Design, optimization and evaluation of a polymerase chain reaction for detection of Borrelia spp," Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine, vol.
ricinus ticks collected in 2012 (531 nymphs/71 adults) and 2013 (539 nymphs/64 adults) (Figure 1) was isolated, and the DNA samples were analysed by qPCR to detect the presence of Borrelia genospecies as previously described [6].
We should appreciate that Borrelia is considered a "stealth pathogen", has tremendous potential to do damage, replicate freely and uninhibited, and leave many with serious disability.
A case of atrophoderma of Pasini and Pierini associated with Borrelia burgdorferi infection successfully treated with oral doxycycline.
Detection of Borrelia burgdorferi DNA by polymerase chain reaction in cerebrospinal fluid in Lyme neuroborreliosis.
None of the animals captured in the redwood habitat (Thornewood OSP) were infected with Borrelia spp., although the sample size was small at this location (Table 1).
"I am fascinated by Borrelia, and this discovery will open the door for much more work to treat and control important diseases like Lyme disease," says Pal.
Para detectar la presencia del genero Borrelia en las muestras de sangre y garrapatas, se utilizo como marcador genetico la flagelina cromosomica de 41-kDA (flaB) en un PCR convencional, de acuerdo a la metodologia descrita por Jaulhac et al.
The TBRF ImmunoBlot is designed to detect antibodies to specific antigens of TBRF Borrelia in human serum.
Lyme hastaligi, Borrelia burgdorferi isimli Spiroket in neden oldugu, deri, eklemler, kalp ve santral sinir sistemi gibi cok sayida sistemi tutan bir zoonozdur.
Borrelia afzelii causes a distinct skin infection known as acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans (ACA), and B.
Using the LM-method, 14 (66%) patient group blood samples and 35 (85%) control group samples were judged positive for Borrelia and/or Babesia.