bone mineral density (BMD)

(redirected from bone mineral density BMD)
Structure of a typical long bone.

bone mineral density (BMD)

is measured as an indicator of bone mass, decreased in osteoporosis. Men and women who participate in strength and power activities have a bone mass as great as, or greater than, that of endurance athletes. On the other hand, the amenorrhoea that is prevalent among female athletes in weight-related sports is associated with a decrease in bone mass, leaving them at increased risk of osteoporosis and stress fractures despite competitive athletic participation. See also dual emission X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), female athlete triad.
References in periodicals archive ?
Measures of the bone mineral density BMD of the hip (femoral neck) and spine (lumbar spine) revealed that only the placebo and no exercise group experienced significant bone loss at the lumbar spine.

Full browser ?