In a 3-1 decision, the EEOC Commissioners ruled as a result of the September 1967 hearings that female sex was not a bona fide occupational qualification for the job of flight attendant.
"Sex as a Bona Fide Occupational Qualification for Stewardesses: Statement of United Air Lines." April 22, 1966.
Supreme Court described this prohibition in 1989 as "...the simple but momentous announcement that sex, race, religion, and national origin are not relevant to the selection, evaluation, or compensation of employees."(4) Put another way, Title VII prohibits employers from taking race, color, national origin, religion, or sex into consideration when making decisions on employment actions, regardless of their motives, unless an exception to the statute, such as preference to remedy past discrimination (affirmative action) or the Bona Fide Occupational Qualification
(BFOQ) exception, permitting such consideration is applicable.(5)
(5)Title VII does not define the phrase "bona fide occupational qualification
." Instead, it simply states that "it shall not be an unlawful employment practice for an employer to hire and employ employees ...
1981)(restaurant chain's no-beard policy did not violate Sikh employee's title VII religious rights because clean-shavenness was a bona fide occupational qualification
for manager of a restaurant).
"I don't think it's related to their bona fide occupational qualifications
It is hypothesized that individuals working in occupations with strict physical requirements (including bona fide occupational qualifications
) would more easily recognize the need to consider less physically demanding occupations as they move into later career stages (Brewington & Nassar-McMillan, 2000).
She provides an overview of human rights rulings and discusses three fundamental concepts in human tights law: the duty to accommodate, bona fide occupational qualifications
, and the distinction between direct and indirect discrimination.