anabolic steroid

(redirected from bolic)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.

steroid

 [ster´oid]
any of a group of lipids with a complex molecule containing carbon atoms in four interlocking rings forming a hydrogenated cyclopentophenanthrene-ring system; three of the rings contain six carbon atoms each and the fourth contains five. Steroids are important in body chemistry and include steroid hormones such as the gonadal or sex steroids, corticosteroids, glucocorticoids, and mineralocorticoids; vitamins of the D group; and the sterols, including cholesterol, the main building block of the steroid hormones in the body. The cardiac glycosides, a group of compounds derived from certain plants, are partly steroids.
anabolic steroid any of a group of synthetic derivatives of testosterone having pronounced anabolic properties and relatively weak androgenic properties; they are used clinically mainly to promote growth and repair of body tissues in diseases or states promoting catabolism or tissue wasting.
gonadal steroid (sex steroid) a steroid hormone produced by a gonad, such as an androgen, estrogen, or progestational agent.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

an·a·bol·ic ster·oid

a compound with androgenic properties that increases muscle mass and stimulated protein production; used to treat emaciation; sometimes used by athletes in an effort to increase size, strength, and endurance of muscle. Examples include methyltestosterone, nandrolone, methandrostenolone, and stanozolol.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

anabolic steroid

n.
Any of a group of synthetic steroid hormones that promote the storage of protein and the growth of tissue, sometimes used by athletes to increase muscle size and strength. Nonprescription sale of anabolic steroids was declared illegal in the United States in 1990.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

anabolic steroid

A drug or hormone-like substance chemically or pharmacologically related to 17-α-alkylated testosterone that promotes muscle growth, which are commonly abused by athletes. Lipid changes by ASs are more marked with oral stanazol (manufactured for horses) than with IV testosterone; it decreases HDL-C (especially HDL2) and increases hepatic TG lipase (HDL) catabolism.
 
Indications
Children, adolescents with delayed puberty, decreased growth, small penis, hypogonadism, testosterone deficiency, osteoporosis management, aplastic anaemia, endometriosis, angioedema, sports performance enhancement (no longer legal), relief and recovery from common injuries, rehabilitation, weight control, anti-insomnia, and regulation of sexuality, aggression and cognition.

Route
Oral, parenteral.
 
Metabolic effects
Increased protein synthesis and amino acid consumption, androgenesis, catabolism and gluticocototitosis.
 
Adverse effects (men)
Breast enlargement (gynecomastia), testicular atrophy, sterility, sperm abnormalities, impotence, prostatic hypertrophy, myocardial hypertrophy and fibrosis, myocardial infarction and fatal arrhythmias, peliosis hepatis, cholestasis, hepatic adenomas, testicular atrophy, peripheral oedema, intracerebral thrombosis.

Adverse effects (women)
Clitoral hypertrophy, beard growth, baldness, deepened voice, decreased breast size.

Adverse effects (men and women)
Aggression and antisocial behavior, increased risk of cardiovascular disease, peliosis hepatis, haemorrhage, jaundice, acne, accelerated bone maturation resulting in short stature, liver tumours (hepatic adenomas and CA) which may regress with abstinence; AS abusers are at an increased risk for HIV transmission, given the common practice of sharing of needles when injecting ASs.

Lab
ASs are detectable to 1 parts per billion 4 days after last use if the hormone is water-soluble, or 14 days after use in lipid-soluble compounds.

FDA status
ASs are schedule-III drugs per the Controlled Substances Act.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

an·a·bol·ic ster·oid

(an'ă-bol'ik ster'oyd)
Prescription drug used in treatment of the anemias and other disorders involving wasting of the body; it has been abused by some athletes to increase muscle mass; functions in a manner similar to that of the chief male hormone, testosterone. Masculinizing effects are minimized by synthetically manipulating chemical structure to emphasize tissue-building, nitrogen-retaining processes.
See also: ergogenic aid
Synonym(s): androgenic steroid.
[G. anabolē, something tossed up, a mound, fr. ana, up + ballein, to throw + steroid]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

Anabolic steroid

Drugs, derived from the male sex hormones, which increase the rate of tissue growth. They are best known for increasing the rate of muscle development.
Mentioned in: Antianemia Drugs
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

an·a·bol·ic ster·oid

(an'ă-bol'ik ster'oyd)
Compound with androgenic properties that increases muscle mass and stimulated protein production; used to treat emaciation; sometimes used by athletes in an effort to increase size, strength, and endurance of muscle. Examples include methyltestosterone, nandrolone, methandrostenolone, and stanozolol.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Had either Bolic or Mujcin been able to bring Sead Kapetanovic's cross under control, it could have been costly.
Bosnia-Herzegovina: Dedic, Joldic (Repuh 78), Mujdza (Demirovic 78), Konjic, Hibic, Besirevic, Bolic, Halilovic (Mujcin 62), Kodro, Barbarez, Topic.
McGhee also revealed he intended to surf the net to find out the name of Nancy's manager but because of the sham bolic way he and his staff had been treated he couldn't care less.
Two years ago, Bosnia's hopes of reaching a World Cup qualification play-off went to the final match, but key players Elvir Bolic and Hasan Salihimidzic retired at the end of that campaign and their absence has hit hard.
The romantic sub-plot involving Rothman's wife (Molly Parker) and mistress (Leelee Sobieski) is undernourished while his doomed attempt to stage a politically sym- bolic performance piece for his collectors is embarrassingly heavy handed.
State University of New York at Binghamton Imitation Research Finding(s) Clinical Implication parameters Task type Motor imitations are more Instructional programs difficult than object imi- should explicitly teach mo- tation (Stone, et al., tor,object, vocal, and sym- 1997), but object imita- bolic imitation separately tion may display poorer to promote generalized generalization (Young, et imitation in each category.
The visitors took the lead on 39 minutes thanks to a mistake from goalkeeper Pedro Contreras, who somehow let a weak shot from Bosnian forward Elvir Bolic through his legs.
One might say that Thomas revisits the fictitious heteronomies of Pessoa but with the coldness of someone who dissects his (in this case artistic) medium, and he grants sym bolic value to all of its components.
Then his relative naivety wide right was exposed by the brilliant Bolic. But the Leeds man was resolute throughout and stuck to his task.