This study suggests that male Asian university students in Australia are at particular risk of developing body image disturbances
, irrespective of their level of acculturation.
It may be more useful to focus on psychological variables related to etiology and maintenance of body image disturbance
Thin-ideal internalization: Mounting evidence for a new risk factor for body image disturbance
and eating pathology.
Eating disorders and body image disturbances
among ballet dancers, gymnasium users and body builders.
Smolak (2002) found that these extreme body image disturbances
include body dysmorphic disorder, eating disorders and severe depression, anxiety and stress among adolescent girls.
46) The presence of body image disturbance
in milder forms of depression might suggest comorbid BDD.
Predictive validity was established through moderate to strong correlations between objectification and depression (Burnett) and between the frequency of objectifying experiences and body image disturbances
, disordered eating, and self-objectification (Brownlow, 1997).
Although these and other studies have found that body image disturbances
are more prevalent among female than male adolescents, mounting evidence suggests that body dissatisfaction and body-change practices are increasing among teenage boys (Cohane & Pope, 2001; Devlin & Zhu, 2001; Law & Deixoto, 2002; McCabe & Ricciardelli, 2003).
The mysterious phenomenon of body image disturbance
is then described and explained from a neuroscience perspective.
A second theoretical perspective for explaining homosexual men's heightened risk for body image disturbance
focuses instead on pressures emanating from within the gay community.
The authors conclude: "Interventions aimed at reducing sorority women's focus on physical appearance may hold promise as one of the many routes to addressing body image disturbance
and eating disorders among sorority members.
The greatest source of body image disturbance
is sociocultural (Heinberg, 1995).