body image


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body

 [bod´e]
trunk (def. 1).
1. the largest and most important part of any organ.
2. any mass or collection of material.
acetone b's ketone bodies.
alkapton b's a class of substances with an affinity for alkali, found in the urine and causing the condition known as alkaptonuria. The compound commonly found, and most commonly referred to by the term, is homogentisic acid.
amygdaloid body a small mass of subcortical gray matter within the tip of the temporal lobe, anterior to the inferior horn of the lateral ventricle of the brain. It is part of the limbic system.
aortic b's small neurovascular structures on either side of the aorta in the region of the aortic arch, containing chemoreceptors that play a role in reflex regulation of respiration.
asbestos b's golden yellow bodies of various shapes, formed by the deposition of calcium salts, iron salts, and proteins on a spicule of asbestos, found in the lungs, lung secretions, and feces of patients with asbestosis.
Aschoff b's submiliary collections of cells and leukocytes in the interstitial tissues of the heart in the myocarditis that accompanies rheumatic fever; called also Aschoff's nodules.
asteroid body an irregularly star-shaped inclusion body found in the giant cells in sarcoidosis and other diseases.
Babès-Ernst body metachromatic granule.
Barr body sex chromatin.
basal body a modified centriole that occurs at the base of a flagellum or cilium.
carotid b's small neurovascular structures lying in the bifurcation of the right and left carotid arteries, containing chemoreceptors that monitor the oxygen content of the blood and help to regulate respiration.
ciliary body see ciliary body.
Donovan b's encapsulated bacteria (Calymmatobacterium granulomatis) found in lesions of granuloma inguinale, visible when a Wright-stained smear of infected tissue is viewed under a microscope.
body dysmorphic disorder a somatoform disorder in which a normal-appearing person is either preoccupied with an imagined defect in appearance or is overly concerned about a very slight physical anomaly. See also body image. Called also dysmorphophobia.
fimbriate body corpus fimbriatum.
foreign body a mass of material that is not normal to the place where it is found.
fruiting body a specialized structure of certain fungi that produces the spores.
geniculate body, lateral either of the two metathalamus eminences, one on each side just lateral to the medial geniculate bodies, marking the termination of the optic tract.
geniculate body, medial either of the two metathalamus eminences, one on each side just lateral to the superior colliculi, concerned with hearing.
hematoxylin body a dense, homogeneous particle, easily stainable with hematoxylin, consisting of nuclear material derived from an injured cell together with a small amount of cytoplasm. Hematoxylin bodies occur in systemic lupus erythematosus. Lymphocytes that ingest such particles are known as le cells. Called also LE body.
Howell's b's (Howell-Jolly b's) smooth, round remnants of nuclear chromatin seen in erythrocytes in megaloblastic and hemolytic anemia, in various leukemias and after splenectomy.
body image the total concept, including conscious and unconscious feelings, thoughts, and perceptions, that a person has of his or her own body as an object in space independent and apart from other objects. The body image develops during infancy and childhood from exploration of the body surface and orifices, from development of physical abilities, and from play and comparison of the self with others. Changes in body image are particularly important in adolescence when attention is focused on appearance and attractiveness and relations with others. Body image is strongly influenced by parental attitudes that give the child a perception of certain body parts as good, clean, and attractive, or bad, dirty, and repulsive. The evolution of body image continues throughout life and incorporates such factors as a person's style of dress, hair style, and use of makeup, which symbolize social and professional status and other feelings about the self.

Many clinical syndromes involve disturbances of body image. Disturbed body image is a nursing diagnosis that was approved by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as confusion in the mental picture of one's physical self. Surgery or trauma involving disfigurement or loss of a body part can be very threatening to a patient. Diseases involving a loss of body function, such as stroke syndrome, paraplegia, quadriplegia, coronary heart disease, and bowel or bladder incontinence, and diseases involving disfiguring skin lesions or the feeling of “rotting away” as in cancer or gangrene, can all cause changes in body image. Body image is frequently disturbed in schizophrenia, and patients may feel that their body or its parts are changing in size or shape or are ugly or threatening. Rape or violent physical assault can disturb the feeling of being secure in one's own body. Changes in body image involving sexual attractiveness or sexual identity, such as surgery or trauma involving the genitals or breasts and tubal ligation, hysterectomy, or vasectomy, can be especially difficult for the patient to deal with. Intrusive therapeutic or diagnostic procedures, such as insertion of a nasogastric tube, bladder catheterization, administration of intravenous fluids, endoscopy, and cardiac catheterization, can also threaten a patient's body image.

The reaction of a patient to an alteration in body image can include mourning the loss of the former body image, fear of rejection by significant others, hostility, and experiencing of “phantom” sensations from missing body parts. Patients with less ability to cope with their loss may respond with denial or depression. This can lead to a rejection of the altered body image and feelings of depersonalization that can involve avoidance of interpersonal contact and an unwillingness to discuss the deformity or to accept corrective medical treatment or vocational rehabilitation.
inclusion b's round, oval, or irregular-shaped bodies in the cytoplasm and nuclei of cells, as in disease caused by viral infection, such as rabies, smallpox, and herpes.
ketone b's see ketone bodies.
lamellar body keratinosome.
Lafora's b's intracytoplasmic inclusions consisting of a complex of glycoprotein and acid mucopolysaccharide; widespread deposits are found in Lafora's disease, a type of epilepsy.
Leishman-Donovan b's round or oval bodies found in the reticuloendothelial cells, especially those of the spleen and liver, in kala-azar; they are nonflagellate intracellular forms of Leishmania donovani. Also used to designate similar forms of Leishmania tropica found in macrophages in lesions of cutaneous leishmaniasis.
mamillary body (mammillary body) either of the pair of small spherical masses in the interpeduncular fossa of the midbrain, forming part of the hypothalamus.
Masson b's cellular tissue that fills the pulmonary alveoli and alveolar ducts in rheumatic pneumonia; they may be modified Aschoff's bodies.
molluscum b's large homogeneous intracytoplasmic inclusions found in the stratum granulosum and stratum corneum in molluscum contagiosum, which contain replicating virus particles and cellular debris.
multilamellar body any of the osmiophilic, lipid-rich, layered bodies found in the great alveolar cells of the lung.
Negri b's oval or round bodies in the nerve cells of animals dead of rabies.
Nissl b's large granular bodies that stain with basic dyes, forming the reticular substance of the cytoplasm of neurons, composed of rough endoplasmic reticulum and free polyribosomes; ribonucleoprotein is one of their main constituents. Called also Nissl's granules.
olivary body olive (def. 2).
paraaortic b's see para-aortic bodies.
pineal body see pineal body.
pituitary body pituitary gland.
polar b's
1. the small cells consisting of a tiny bit of cytoplasm and a nucleus; they result from unequal division of the primary oocyte (first polar body) and, if fertilization occurs, of the secondary oocyte (second polar body).
2. metachromatic granules located at one or both ends of a bacterial cell.
psammoma b's usually microscopic, laminated masses of calcareous material, occurring in both benign and malignant epithelial and connective-tissue tumors, and sometimes associated with chronic inflammation.
quadrigeminal b's corpora quadrigemina.
body of sternum the second or main part of the sternum, bounded by the manubrium above and the xiphoid process below. Called also gladiolus and corpus sterni.
striate body corpus striatum.
trachoma b's inclusion bodies found in clusters in the cytoplasm of the epithelial cells of the conjunctiva in trachoma.
vitreous body the transparent gel filling the inner portion of the eyeball between the lens and retina. Called also vitreous and vitreous humor.
wolffian body mesonephros.

image

 [im´ahj]
a picture or concept with more or less likeness to an objective reality.
body image see body image.
digital image a depiction recorded electronically to allow viewing or transmission on a computer.
image distributor beam splitter.
disturbed body image a nursing diagnosis defined as confusion in the mental picture of one's personal self. See also body image.
fluoroscopic image a visual depiction on a fluoroscopy screen.
image intensifier a fluoroscope that is electronically enhanced to produce a brighter image; see also automatic brightness control, brightness gain, and vignetting.
latent image the invisible change in radiographic film that is caused by x-radiation or light and is made visible by development of the film.
magnification image direct radiographic enlargement requiring a fractional focus tube of 0.3 mm or less.
manifest image the change on an x-ray film that becomes visible when the latent image undergoes appropriate chemical processing.
mirror image
1. the image of light made visible by the reflecting surface of the cornea and lens when illuminated through the slit lamp.
2. an image with right and left relations reversed, as in the reflection of an object in a mirror.
motor image the organized cerebral model of the possible movements of the body.
phantom image an artifact seen in conventional linear tomography.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

bod·y im·age

1. the cerebral representation of all body sensation organized in the parietal cortex;
2. personal conception of one's own body as distinct from one's actual anatomic body or the conception other peole have of it.
Synonym(s): body schema
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

body image

The concept of one’s body or self as presented to others. One’s body image is a core aspect of selfhood, which incorporates personal attitudes and perceptions concerning one’s appearance.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

body image

Psychology The concept of one's body or self as presented to others; the BI is core aspect of 'selfness,' which incorporates personal attitudes and perceptions concerning one's appearance. See Hair replacement.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

bod·y im·age

(bod'ē im'ăj)
1. The representation of all body sensation.
2. Personal conception of one's own body as distinct from one's actual body or the conception other persons have of it.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

body image

The mental picture of the body provided by the association connections between the part of the brain concerned with body sensation (the sensory CORTEX in the postcentral GYRUS) and those parts concerned with the special senses. Body image is distorted in various conditions, especially ANOREXIA NERVOSA.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

Body image

A term that refers to a person s inner picture of his or her outward appearance. It has two components: perceptions of the appearance of one's body, and emotional responses to those perceptions.
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

bod·y im·age

(bod'ē im'ăj)
1. Cerebral representation of all body sensation organized in the parietal cortex.
2. Personal conception of one's own body as distinct from one's actual anatomic body.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Many researches have been carried out on body image and life satisfaction, body image and rejection sensitivity, but to best of our knowledge none have been carried out on body image, life satisfaction and rejection sensitivity.
One in eight adults a said that body image issues had led to suicidal thoughts and feelings.
"Worries about body image can lead to mental health problems and in some instances are linked to self-harm and suicidal thoughts and feelings.
She said the new advisory group, which will draw members from youth, third sector and equalities groups, was part of the government's overall aim to tackle mental health issues, targeting the impact of social media and body image on people's mental wellbeing.
Body image and sexual dysfunctions: Comparison between breast cancer patients and healthy women.
It turns out that this unrealistic body image is as challenging for men as for women.'
The cut-off score for the scale is 135 and those below 135 are defined as a group with low body image. In this study, Cronbach-[alpha] was found as 0.88.
Positive body image perceptions in college students have been clearly related to healthy nutrition.
Body image concerns are quite common among women, with 13% to 32% reporting body dissatisfaction (Fallon, Harris, & Johnson, 2014).
Previous literature regarding body image highlighted that surgical concerns are more evident in women having distorted body image.
Competitive athletes are believed to be an "at risk" population for body image disturbance and disordered eating due to the emphasis and pressure on performance, weight standards, and body shape ideals from coaches, judges, and teammates (Bonci et al., 2008; de Bruin, Bakker & Oudejans, 2008; de Bruin, Oudejans, Bakker & Woertman, 2011: de Bruin, Woertman, Bakker & Oudejans, 2008; Gaines & Burnett, 2014; Hausenblas & Downs, 2001; Kong & Harris, 2015; Schffol, Schffol, Dotscht, Dorr & Jungert, 2011; Ziegler et al, 1998).
(2) Yet, more and more dance teachers and researchers observe that the mirror in the dance studio is not a passive instructional aid; it is a powerful tool with the potential to compromise a dancer's body image. (2-9) In her comprehensive research on understanding general body dissatisfaction in men, women, and children, Grogan (10) states that body image constitutes "a person's perceptions, thoughts and feelings about his or her body." More specifically, dance educator Wendy Oliver reports that a dancer's body image is not only about maintaining a certain weight but is also about conforming to a very specific look.