body fluids


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body fluids

the total water in the body accounts for more than half of body mass (typically 45 kg in a 70 kg man). About two-thirds of the total body water (30 L) is in intracellular fluid (ICF) and one-third (15 L) in extra cellular fluid (ECF) - all body fluids external to cells; of this, blood plasma accounts for ∼3 L, interstitial fluid in the tissues and lymph for ∼12 L. See also hydration status, water balance.

body

1. the trunk, or animal frame, with its organs.
2. the largest and most important part of any organ.
3. any mass or collection of material.

acetone b's
see ketone bodies.
body cavity
see cavity.
ellipsoid body
formed in degenerating myelin sheaths. Each contains a fragment of myelin apparently undergoing enzymatic digestion around a fragment of degenerating axon.
fimbriate body
see corpus fimbriatum.
body fluids
see body fluids.
gelatinous body
a 3-5 mm glycogen-rich body in the dorsal surface of the lumbosacral enlargement of the spinal cord in birds.
geniculate b's (lateral)
two metathalamus eminences, one on each side just lateral to the medial geniculate bodies, marking the termination of the optic tract.
geniculate b's (medial)
two metathalamus eminences, one on each side, just lateral to the superior colliculi, concerned with hearing.
Heinz body, Heinz-Ehrlich body
a dark staining refractile body of erythrocytes, consisting of denatured hemoglobin. See also Heinz body anemia.
Howell's b's
body louse
mamillary body
either of the pair of small spherical masses in the interpeduncular fossa of the midbrain, forming part of the hypothalamus.
body mass
see body weight.
multilamellar body
any of the osmiophilic, lipid-rich, layered bodies found in the type II alveolar cells of the lung.
Negri b's
eosinophilic, oval or round inclusion bodies in the cytoplasm of neurones of animals dead of rabies.
olivary body
see olive (2).
Pappenheimer body
dark, basophilic, iron-containing granules seen in erythrocytes (siderocytes). Occur in hemolytic anemia.
para-aortic b's
enclaves of chromaffin cells near the sympathetic ganglia along the abdominal aorta, which secrete catecholamines during prenatal and early postnatal life, aiding the adrenal medulla. Tumors of these structures produce clinical signs similar to those of pheochromocytoma.
paracloacal vascular body
a small patch of vascular tissue in the wall of the urodeum in birds.
phallic body
pair of bodies flanking the phallus of the male bird; participate in the insemination of the hen.
pituitary body
pituitary gland.
quadrigeminal b's
see corpora quadrigemina.
striate body
see corpus striatum.
body surface area (BSA)
the total surface area of the body. Used to calculate drug dosages, particularly in the use of toxic drugs such as those used in cancer chemotherapy. This minimizes errors introduced by variations in distribution, metabolism and excretion of the drug. Several equations can be used to express the area, based on body weight, but conversion tables are usually used. See Table 21.
trapezoid body
transverse ridge crossing the ventral surface of the medulla oblongata.
vitreous body
the transparent gel filling the posterior segment of the eyeball between the lens and retina. Called also vitreous and vitreous humor.
body weight
see body weight.
wolffian body
References in periodicals archive ?
This retrospective study was conducted by analyzing Employee Health Follow-up forms used for sharps injuries and injuries involving exposure to blood and body fluids filed between January 2011 and May 2016 with the Infection Control Committee (ICC) of the Erzurum Nenehatun Maternity Hospital.
Evaluation of the new body fluid mode on the Sysmex XE-5000 for counting leukocytes and erythrocytes in cerebrospinal fluid and other body fluids.
Anesthesia providers in the labor and delivery setting should adhere to Standard Precautions and wear sterile gloves and a surgical mask when placing a catheter or administering intrathecal injections; additional PPE should be worn based on anticipated exposure to body fluids (6).
These results indicated that education in cell morphology for the hematology laboratory's technologists might increase the sensitivity and specificity of the technologists for identifying malignancy in body fluids, and led to the development of an educational component for the quality assurance plan.
We performed a survey of the miRNA composition of the body fluids using the Human miScript Assay panel from Qiagen, which included assays for 714 different human miRNA species.
Leilani Collins MS MT(ASCP)SH CLS(NCA) is the Focus: Body Fluids guest editor.
In body fluids, such as sputum, the number of exfoliated tumor cells is often low compared to the number of normal cells, making it difficult to detect these abnormal cells by routine cytopathology.
Use gloves when contact with blood and body fluids becomes necessary, and for performing sterile procedures.
With fluid and splash resistance that surpass industry standards, the 1870 respirator and surgical mask reduces the risk of wearer contact with blood and body fluids.
Dumping fluid over the head won't help restore body fluids or lower body temperature.
Substituting other body fluids for blood may produce faster test results, but it eliminates information necessary for accurate mortality risk assessment.
In very rare circumstances, contact with blood or other body fluids can be a means of infection transmission.