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body

 [bod´e]
trunk (def. 1).
1. the largest and most important part of any organ.
2. any mass or collection of material.
acetone b's ketone bodies.
alkapton b's a class of substances with an affinity for alkali, found in the urine and causing the condition known as alkaptonuria. The compound commonly found, and most commonly referred to by the term, is homogentisic acid.
amygdaloid body a small mass of subcortical gray matter within the tip of the temporal lobe, anterior to the inferior horn of the lateral ventricle of the brain. It is part of the limbic system.
aortic b's small neurovascular structures on either side of the aorta in the region of the aortic arch, containing chemoreceptors that play a role in reflex regulation of respiration.
asbestos b's golden yellow bodies of various shapes, formed by the deposition of calcium salts, iron salts, and proteins on a spicule of asbestos, found in the lungs, lung secretions, and feces of patients with asbestosis.
Aschoff b's submiliary collections of cells and leukocytes in the interstitial tissues of the heart in the myocarditis that accompanies rheumatic fever; called also Aschoff's nodules.
asteroid body an irregularly star-shaped inclusion body found in the giant cells in sarcoidosis and other diseases.
Babès-Ernst body metachromatic granule.
Barr body sex chromatin.
basal body a modified centriole that occurs at the base of a flagellum or cilium.
carotid b's small neurovascular structures lying in the bifurcation of the right and left carotid arteries, containing chemoreceptors that monitor the oxygen content of the blood and help to regulate respiration.
ciliary body see ciliary body.
Donovan b's encapsulated bacteria (Calymmatobacterium granulomatis) found in lesions of granuloma inguinale, visible when a Wright-stained smear of infected tissue is viewed under a microscope.
body dysmorphic disorder a somatoform disorder in which a normal-appearing person is either preoccupied with an imagined defect in appearance or is overly concerned about a very slight physical anomaly. See also body image. Called also dysmorphophobia.
fimbriate body corpus fimbriatum.
foreign body a mass of material that is not normal to the place where it is found.
fruiting body a specialized structure of certain fungi that produces the spores.
geniculate body, lateral either of the two metathalamus eminences, one on each side just lateral to the medial geniculate bodies, marking the termination of the optic tract.
geniculate body, medial either of the two metathalamus eminences, one on each side just lateral to the superior colliculi, concerned with hearing.
hematoxylin body a dense, homogeneous particle, easily stainable with hematoxylin, consisting of nuclear material derived from an injured cell together with a small amount of cytoplasm. Hematoxylin bodies occur in systemic lupus erythematosus. Lymphocytes that ingest such particles are known as le cells. Called also LE body.
Howell's b's (Howell-Jolly b's) smooth, round remnants of nuclear chromatin seen in erythrocytes in megaloblastic and hemolytic anemia, in various leukemias and after splenectomy.
body image the total concept, including conscious and unconscious feelings, thoughts, and perceptions, that a person has of his or her own body as an object in space independent and apart from other objects. The body image develops during infancy and childhood from exploration of the body surface and orifices, from development of physical abilities, and from play and comparison of the self with others. Changes in body image are particularly important in adolescence when attention is focused on appearance and attractiveness and relations with others. Body image is strongly influenced by parental attitudes that give the child a perception of certain body parts as good, clean, and attractive, or bad, dirty, and repulsive. The evolution of body image continues throughout life and incorporates such factors as a person's style of dress, hair style, and use of makeup, which symbolize social and professional status and other feelings about the self.

Many clinical syndromes involve disturbances of body image. Disturbed body image is a nursing diagnosis that was approved by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as confusion in the mental picture of one's physical self. Surgery or trauma involving disfigurement or loss of a body part can be very threatening to a patient. Diseases involving a loss of body function, such as stroke syndrome, paraplegia, quadriplegia, coronary heart disease, and bowel or bladder incontinence, and diseases involving disfiguring skin lesions or the feeling of “rotting away” as in cancer or gangrene, can all cause changes in body image. Body image is frequently disturbed in schizophrenia, and patients may feel that their body or its parts are changing in size or shape or are ugly or threatening. Rape or violent physical assault can disturb the feeling of being secure in one's own body. Changes in body image involving sexual attractiveness or sexual identity, such as surgery or trauma involving the genitals or breasts and tubal ligation, hysterectomy, or vasectomy, can be especially difficult for the patient to deal with. Intrusive therapeutic or diagnostic procedures, such as insertion of a nasogastric tube, bladder catheterization, administration of intravenous fluids, endoscopy, and cardiac catheterization, can also threaten a patient's body image.

The reaction of a patient to an alteration in body image can include mourning the loss of the former body image, fear of rejection by significant others, hostility, and experiencing of “phantom” sensations from missing body parts. Patients with less ability to cope with their loss may respond with denial or depression. This can lead to a rejection of the altered body image and feelings of depersonalization that can involve avoidance of interpersonal contact and an unwillingness to discuss the deformity or to accept corrective medical treatment or vocational rehabilitation.
inclusion b's round, oval, or irregular-shaped bodies in the cytoplasm and nuclei of cells, as in disease caused by viral infection, such as rabies, smallpox, and herpes.
ketone b's see ketone bodies.
lamellar body keratinosome.
Lafora's b's intracytoplasmic inclusions consisting of a complex of glycoprotein and acid mucopolysaccharide; widespread deposits are found in Lafora's disease, a type of epilepsy.
Leishman-Donovan b's round or oval bodies found in the reticuloendothelial cells, especially those of the spleen and liver, in kala-azar; they are nonflagellate intracellular forms of Leishmania donovani. Also used to designate similar forms of Leishmania tropica found in macrophages in lesions of cutaneous leishmaniasis.
mamillary body (mammillary body) either of the pair of small spherical masses in the interpeduncular fossa of the midbrain, forming part of the hypothalamus.
Masson b's cellular tissue that fills the pulmonary alveoli and alveolar ducts in rheumatic pneumonia; they may be modified Aschoff's bodies.
molluscum b's large homogeneous intracytoplasmic inclusions found in the stratum granulosum and stratum corneum in molluscum contagiosum, which contain replicating virus particles and cellular debris.
multilamellar body any of the osmiophilic, lipid-rich, layered bodies found in the great alveolar cells of the lung.
Negri b's oval or round bodies in the nerve cells of animals dead of rabies.
Nissl b's large granular bodies that stain with basic dyes, forming the reticular substance of the cytoplasm of neurons, composed of rough endoplasmic reticulum and free polyribosomes; ribonucleoprotein is one of their main constituents. Called also Nissl's granules.
olivary body olive (def. 2).
paraaortic b's see para-aortic bodies.
pineal body see pineal body.
pituitary body pituitary gland.
polar b's
1. the small cells consisting of a tiny bit of cytoplasm and a nucleus; they result from unequal division of the primary oocyte (first polar body) and, if fertilization occurs, of the secondary oocyte (second polar body).
2. metachromatic granules located at one or both ends of a bacterial cell.
psammoma b's usually microscopic, laminated masses of calcareous material, occurring in both benign and malignant epithelial and connective-tissue tumors, and sometimes associated with chronic inflammation.
quadrigeminal b's corpora quadrigemina.
body of sternum the second or main part of the sternum, bounded by the manubrium above and the xiphoid process below. Called also gladiolus and corpus sterni.
striate body corpus striatum.
trachoma b's inclusion bodies found in clusters in the cytoplasm of the epithelial cells of the conjunctiva in trachoma.
vitreous body the transparent gel filling the inner portion of the eyeball between the lens and retina. Called also vitreous and vitreous humor.
wolffian body mesonephros.

bod·y

(bod'ē),
1. The head, neck, trunk, and limbs. The human body, consisting of head (caput), neck (collum), trunk (truncus), and limbs (membra).
See also: soma. Synonym(s): corpus (1) [TA]
2. The material part of a human, as distinguished from the mind and spirit.
See also: soma.
3. The principal mass of any structure.
See also: soma.
4. A thing; a substance.
See also: soma.
[A.S. bodig]

body

(bŏd′ē)
n.
1. The entire material or physical structure of an organism.
2. The physical part of a person, as opposed to the spiritual part.
3. A corpse.
4. The trunk or torso, as distinguished from the head, neck, and extremities.
5. The largest or principal part of an organ; corpus.

body

(bŏd′ē)
n. pl. bod·ies
1.
a. The entire material or physical structure of an organism, especially of a human or animal.
b. The physical aspect of a person as opposed to the spirit; the flesh.
c. A corpse or carcass.
2.
a. The trunk or torso of a human or animal.
b. The part of a garment covering the torso.
3.
a. A human; a person: a kindly body.
b. A group of individuals regarded as an entity; a corporation.
4. A number of persons, concepts, or things regarded as a group: We walked out in a body.
5. The main or central part, as:
a. Anatomy The largest or principal part of an organ; corpus.
b. The nave of a church.
c. The content of a book or document exclusive of prefatory matter, codicils, indexes, or appendices.
d. The passenger- and cargo-carrying part of an aircraft, ship, or other vehicle.
e. Music The sound box of an instrument.
6. A mass of matter that is distinct from other masses: a body of water; a celestial body.
7. A collection or quantity, as of material or information: the body of evidence.
8. Consistency of substance, as in paint, textiles, or wine: a sauce with body.
9. Printing The part of a block of type underlying the impression surface.
tr.v. bod·ied, bod·ying, bod·ies
1. To furnish with a body.
2. To give shape to. Usually used with forth: "Imagination bodies forth the forms of things unknown" (Shakespeare).
3. Sports
a. To play defense with one's body up against (that of another player) so as to restrict the player's mobility, as in basketball.
b. To collide with and force (another player) in a certain direction: bodied him off the puck.

secondary sex characteristic

Endocrinology The constellation of changes in hair distribution, body configuration, and genital size in boys or girls at the time of puberty
Secondary Sex characteristic–
External genitalia Penis ↑ in length/diameter; scrotum becomes pigmented and rugose
Internal genitalia Prostate, bulbourethral glands, and seminal vesicle enlarge, begin to secrete
Body Shoulders broaden, muscle mass ↑
Hair Hair, hair, everywhere; beard, back, chest, anus
Mental More aggressive, sexual interest awakens
Skin Sebaceous glands ↑, 'Zit Follies' begin
Voice Larynx, vocal cords ↑ in size and/or length; voice deepens
Secondary Sex characteristic–
External genitalia ↑ Size breast, vagina
Internal genitalia ↑ Size uterus
Body Shoulders are narrow, hips broad, thighs converge and arms diverge–broad carrying angle
Hair More scalp hair, less body hair, ♀ escutcheon
Voice Nada; voice unchanged

bod·y

(bod'ē)
1. The head, neck, trunk, and limbs; the human body, consisting of head (caput), neck (collum), trunk (truncus), and limbs (membra).
2. The material part of a human, as distinguished from the mind and spirit.
3. The principal mass of any structure.
4. A thing; a substance.
See also: soma
Synonym(s): corpus (1) .
[A.S. bodig]

body 

1. Any discrete mass. 2. The main and largest part of a structure. 3. A substance of any kind.
black body Thermal radiator which absorbs completely all incident radiation, whatever the wavelength, the direction of incidence or the polarization. This radiator has, for any wavelength, the maximum spectral concentration of radiant flux at a given temperature (CIE). Syn. full radiator; planckian radiator. See absorption; colour temperature; Planck's law.
colloid body's See drusen.
cytoid body's Small, swollen white spots found on the retina resembling cells. They are due to degenerated retinal nerve fibres in which cellular components become trapped in the peripheral axons of the optic nerve blocking axonal flow. Collection of cytoid bodies are thought to represent the 'cotton-wool' spots found on or around the optic disc in papilloedema, retinal trauma, diabetic retinopathy, AIDS, systemic lupus erythematosus, etc. See exudate.
lateral geniculate body's See lateral geniculate bodies.
vitreous body See vitreous humour.
white body A sample exhibiting diffuse reflection and having a reflectance of approximately 100%. Examples: coating of magnesium oxide; sandblasted opal glass surface; plaster of Paris. See coating; diffusion.

bod·y

(bod'ē)
1. The human body, consisting of head (caput), neck (collum), trunk (truncus), and limbs (membra).
Synonym(s): corpus (1) [TA] .
2. The material part of a human, as distinguished from the mind and spirit.
See also: soma
[A.S. bodig]

Patient discussion about body

Q. How long does alcohol stay in the body? Usually we see that people are out of their control for many hours after consuming alcohol. How long does alcohol stay in the body?

A. This is the first time I am coming across this question, thanks for you which made me to research about it. Here I have given what I have read: A number of factors determine how long alcohol will stay in a person’s system including age, sex, weight, body fat, and physical condition. No matter how much alcohol is consumed or what blood alcohol concentration level has been achieved, the liver, which breaks down approximately 95% of all alcohol consumed, requires about one hour metabolizing the alcohol in one standard drink. The remaining 5% passes out via the urine, the breath, and perspiration. One standard drink is defined as a 12 oz. beer, a 4 oz. glass of wine, or a shot (1.5 oz.) of liquor. A person can still be affected by alcohol after it’s “out of the system.” In one study, participants were asked to drink between 10 pm and 2 am and were then tested performing various tasks at 9 am the next morning.

Q. How to Stop Vitiligo from spreading all over the body? Can any one please tell how to stop Vitiligo from spreading all over the body

A. Normally treatment of vitiligo may take a long time. So patient should be relax and hopeful to treat this skin condition.
While start any treatment one thing is very important that not be depressed and anxious because this is the factor which can increase in vitiligo.
Take care when go out in afternoon.
Maintain a well balance diet plan which you can easily find by any dermatologist.
There are many treatment options are available for vitiligo as listed at http://www.antivitiligo.com/vitiligo-treatment/


Q. Will dancing help to loose my body weight? Hi guys, I am planning to reduce my body weight. Will dancing help to loose my body weight?

A. no doubt!
dancing is a great aerobic exercise. it works on so many groups of muscles and on the cardiopulmonary system. and it has another great virtue- it is a sport you enjoy and it's easy to get in a routine of exercises when you go dancing in a group.

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