bloody sputum


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sputum

(spu'tum) plural.sputa [L.]
Mucus expelled from the lung by coughing. It may contain a variety of materials from the respiratory tract, including in some instances cellular debris, mucus, blood, pus, caseous material, and/or microorganisms.

Conditions

A wide variety of illnesses, including typical and atypical pneumonias, tuberculosis, cancers of the lungs or bronchi, reactive airway disease, and occupational diseases of the lungs can be diagnosed with gram staining or culturing of sputum, cytological examination of sputum, or the use of special stains and microscopic techniques.

CAUTION!

Sputum color or thickness cannot be relied on to diagnose any particular illness.

bloody sputum

Hemoptysis.

currant jelly sputum

Thick sputum mixed with clotted blood, typically seen in patients with pneumonia caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae.

nummular sputum

Sputum laden with round, coin-shaped solids.

prune juice sputum

Thin, reddish, bloody sputum.

rusty sputum

Blood-tinged purulent sputum sometimes seen in patients with pneumococcal pneumonia.
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
Cavitary mass is a rare imaging feature of IgG4-RLD and should be differentiated from lung cancer, especially in patients with bloody sputum. Elevated serum IgG4 and nodular high [sup.18]F-FDG uptake may be one of the most important features in making a differential diagnosis between intracavitary IgG4-RLD and lung cancer.
People suffering from acute cases of hemoptysis or bloody sputum have high mortality risk.
While chest pain, or pain with breathing or coughing that persists for three or more weeks, coughing up bloody sputum from deep inside the lungs, unexplained weight loss, consistent low-grade fever, chills, haemoptysis, excessive night sweats, loss of appetite etc., are symptoms of the lungs-TB, acute back pain and blood in urine can indicate TB of the spine and of the kidneys respectively.
She also had extended close contact with patient A on June 29-30 while he was coughing bloody sputum. On July 8, after patient A was identified with pneumonic plague, patient D was hospitalized and treated with levofloxacin and streptomycin.
This creates a rich medium in which the bacilli multiply rapidly and spread, creating further lesions and the characteristic chest pain, cough, and, when a blood vessel is eroded, bloody sputum.
Warning signs: Persistent cough, bloody sputum, chest pain, recurring pneumonia or bronchitis.
The index case, a 66-year-old male with hypertension and type II diabetes for more than 10 years, was admitted to the respiratory department for cough and expectoration with 3 days, aggravation with bloody sputum with 1 day on December 17, 2016.
Two others (patients B and C) sought medical care for fever, shortness of breath, and cough productive of bloody sputum and died during their hospitalizations.
Symptoms developed on March 23 and he was hospitalized on March 26 with fever, diarrhea, and bloody sputum. Laboratory findings showed moderate leukopenia and thrombocytopenia.
Sputum was collected for AFB smear if any TB symptoms (e.g., cough, fever, weight loss, night sweats, bloody sputum, or malaise) were present.
We defined a probable pneumonic plague case as an acute-onset respiratory illness with bloody sputum during December 2004 in Kango Subcounty, Uganda.