blood glucose


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blood glucose

blood glucose

Etymology: AS, blod + OFr, livel + Gk, glykys, sweet
the concentration of glucose in the blood, represented in milligrams of glucose per deciliter of blood. Normal adult blood glucose levels range from 70 to 115 mg/dL (4 to 6 mmol/L), with generally higher levels after 50 years of age. A fasting serum glucose of 126 mg/dL on two or more occasions signifies diabetes mellitus. See also hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia.

blood glucose

The principal sugar produced by the body from food, especially carbohydrates, but also from proteins and fats. Glucose is the body’s major source of energy, is transported to cells via the circulation and into the cells by GLUT1 and other glucose transporters, some of which (e.g., GLUT4) are regulated by insulin.

blood glucose

Diabetology The principal sugar produced by the body from food–especially carbohydrates, but also from proteins and fats; glucose is the body's major source of energy, is transported to cells via the circulation and used by cells in the presence of insulin. See Glucose.

blood glucose

The levels of sugar in the circulating blood. Blood glucose is of critical importance in DIABETES in which the ideal of treatment is to keep the levels within the normal range of 3.5 to 5.2 mmol/l-an ideal seldom achieved.

blood glucose

(often loosely called 'blood sugar') is obtained by digestion of carbohydrates and by release from liver glycogen, and is taken up by the cells of the organs and tissues for use as an energy substrate. In healthy people, blood glucose concentration is homeo statically controlled within a fairly narrow range; maintenance of the normal level is critical for the function in particular of those tissues with an obligatory demand for glucose (brain, red blood cells, renal cortex, mammary gland and testis). Hormones involved include insulin, tending to lower blood concentration, and glucagon, glucocorticoids, adrenaline and growth hormone, tending to raise it. It seldom falls below about 5 mmol.L-1, even after prolonged fasting, and returns to this value within a couple of hours of the rise that follows a meal. When there is no uptake from the gut, about 8 g glucose per hour can be provided from the liver by breakdown of glycogen stores and by gluconeogenesis. During prolonged exercise glucose output from the liver closely matches the increased requirement, so that the blood concentration falls only when the hepatic glycogen store is depleted, close to exhaustion. See also hyperglycaemia, hypoglycaemia.

Patient discussion about blood glucose

Q. does anyone have experience with a continuous blood glucose monitor?

A. Hi Mick, i did upload following document. Even if there is no copyright on it, I would love that you respect it. Use it for yourself and share it with your friends and nothing more. Thank you! You have to understand the whole thing first about Diabetes type 1 and/or type 2:

www.pulsarsystems.ch/Diabetes.pdf

If you have any question about this article just ask me. I know this doctor personally and I wrote also already letters to newspapers about this topic which have been published.

We have to understand first what this handout express. Take it easy, I had also little difficulty to believe how simple in fact it is. People here has to understand fundamental things about food qualities. The faster you understand, the better you will manage your health and your life! Go for it Mick!

Q. what defines a person as having diabetes type 2?

A. In type 2 diabetes -- noninsulin dependent or adult-onset diabetes -- glucose levels rise because the body is resistant to the effects of insulin and the amount insulin produced by the body is insufficient to overcome this resistance. Type 2 diabetes is usually diagnosed in adults over age 40 but can develop in younger people and children. People with a family history of type 2 diabetes have a greater risk of developing the disease. Most people with type 2 diabetes are overweight and physically inactive.

Other risk factors include: history of gestational diabetes (diabetes during pregnancy), polycystic ovary syndrome, high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, and history of impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glucose. People with metabolic syndrome (a combination of high cholesterol, high blood pressure, abdominal obesity, and abnormal ability to process glucose) are also at higher risk for the disease. Hope this helps.

More discussions about blood glucose
References in periodicals archive ?
Difference between actual blood glucose level and target blood glucose level correction factor
We welcome this action taken by MHRA to ensure people can be sure of correctly testing their blood glucose.
They should not drive until the blood glucose level is back to normal.
He points out that the rate of change in blood glucose is also important: "It's better to have a gradual increase in blood glucose after eating, rather than a sharp rise and then a steep drop; following the 'carbs last' meal, the increase was gradual.
6-8) Previous studies have demonstrated that handheld glucometers consistently underestimate blood glucose concentrations in rhinoceros auklets (Cerorhinca monoceratdf and Hispaniolan Amazon parrots (Amazona ventralis).
In addition, the firm noted it will expand the manufacturing capabilities at its facility in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, where R&D, engineering and test strip manufacturing take place for all TRUE branded blood glucose products.
The High and Low of Glucose Levels FASTING BLOOD GLUCOSE (MG/DL) Normal <100 mg/dl Prediabetes 100-125 mg/dL >126 mg/dL fasting Diabetes >200 mg/dL random
They investigated the effects of a higher frequency of blood glucose measurement, in this case every 5 min, which reflects what could be obtained with (near)continuous devices being developed, on the quality of blood glucose control with insulin (incidence of undetected hypoglycemia, degree of hyperglycemia, and blood glucose variability) compared with a typical intermittent sampling strategy of 1 readout every hour.
In response to such apprehensions, Roche Diabetes Care is promoting its product portfolio under the theme "Don't gamble on the accuracy of your blood glucose meter.
The results show that when we have more energy available (higher blood glucose levels), we are likely to be more future-oriented.
The safest way for patients using icodextrin dialysis solution to monitor their blood glucose is with a blood glucose meter that uses a glucose-specific assay.
While following a healthy diet and getting regular exercise are the ideal ways to start managing blood glucose, as well as blood pressure and cholesterol, often medication is needed to get your blood glucose under control.