perforation

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perforation

 [per″fo-ra´shun]
a hole or break in the containing walls or membranes of an organ or structure of the body. Perforation occurs when erosion, infection, or other factors create a weak spot in the organ and internal pressure causes a rupture. It also may result from a deep penetrating wound caused by trauma.

per·fo·ra·tion

(per'fō-rā'shŭn),
Abnormal opening in a hollow organ or viscus.
Synonym(s): tresis
[see perforated]

perforation

[pur′fôrā′shən]
Etymology: L, perforare, to pierce
a hole or opening made through the entire thickness of a membrane or other tissue or material.

perforation

Medtalk An abnormal transmural defect in a hollow organ. See Intestinal perforation.

per·fo·ra·tion

(pĕr'fŏr-ā'shŭn)
Abnormal opening in a hollow organ or viscus.
See also: perforated
Synonym(s): tresis.

perforation

A hole through the full thickness of the wall of an organ or tissue made by disease, injury or deliberate surgical act.

Perforation

A hole.
Mentioned in: Otitis Media, Peritonitis

per·fo·ra·tion

(pĕr'fŏr-ā'shŭn)
Abnormal opening in a hollow organ or viscus.
Synonym(s): tresis.

perforation

a hole or break in the containing walls or membranes of an organ or structure of the body. Perforation occurs when erosion, infection or other factors create a weak spot in the organ and internal pressure causes a rupture. It also may result from a deep penetrating wound caused by trauma.

bladder perforation
usually the result of obstructive urolithiasis with eventual leakage of urine into the peritoneal cavity. See also congenital urinary bladder rupture.
eardrum perforation
occurs when an infectious process erodes the tympanic membrane or leads to increased pressure in the middle ear.
esophageal perforation
causes local cellulitis and obstruction of the esophagus.
gallbladder perforation
sometimes occurs as a complication of cholecystitis and gallstones. When the gallbladder is infected, necrosis may progress to the point of destroying the wall so that the bile spills out into the abdominal cavity causing biliary peritonitis.
intestinal perforation
a complication of ulcerative colitis (see colitis), intestinal obstruction, ulceration and other disorders in which there is inflammation of the intestinal wall or obstruction of the intestinal lumen.
ulcer perforation
a complication of duodenal and gastric ulcers. It requires immediate surgical correction to prevent hemorrhage, shock and peritonitis.
urethral perforation
is usually a result of obstructive urolithiasis; urine collects in a ventral subcutaneous site.
References in periodicals archive ?
The bladder perforation was diagnosed in a considerable delay and postoperative course was complicated by renal failure and the patient needed permanent hemodialysis 28.
Conclusion: ultrasonic dissection is safer modality of dissection in terms of gall bladder perforation and its use should be encouraged as routine method of dissection during LC.
However, bladder perforation should be included in the differential diagnosis, especially if patients are known to have an indwelling catheter.
1) In 2006, a third-generation of midurethral tapes--known as single-incision mini-slings--was introduced to reduce complications such as bladder perforation.
Accidental bladder perforation is also recognised easily if the spinal level is limited to T10, because the patient experiences abdominal or shoulder pain.
Peroperatively, gall bladder perforation with bile spillage occurred in 7.
Here is my approach to the complications most commonly encountered, including bladder perforation, voiding dysfunction, erosion, pain, and recurrent stress urinary incontinence.
No difference was seen in the rate of intraoperative or postoperative complications, although the rate of bladder perforation was higher in the retropubic group, leaning toward significance (P = .
12) Various complications have been reported in association with the TVT procedure including bladder perforation, voiding dysfunction, retropubic haematoma and injuries to structures of the true pelvis.
There also were significantly less bladder perforation, less mesh erosion, and less voiding dysfunction.
g gall bladder perforation, uncontrolled hemorrhage, common bile duct injury or ligation of common bile duct and injury of viscera during trochar or verres needle insertion in laparoscopic cholecystectomy.