perforation

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perforation

 [per″fo-ra´shun]
a hole or break in the containing walls or membranes of an organ or structure of the body. Perforation occurs when erosion, infection, or other factors create a weak spot in the organ and internal pressure causes a rupture. It also may result from a deep penetrating wound caused by trauma.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

per·fo·ra·tion

(per'fō-rā'shŭn),
Abnormal opening in a hollow organ or viscus.
Synonym(s): tresis
[see perforated]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

perforation

Medtalk An abnormal transmural defect in a hollow organ. See Intestinal perforation.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

per·fo·ra·tion

(pĕr'fŏr-ā'shŭn)
Abnormal opening in a hollow organ or viscus.
See also: perforated
Synonym(s): tresis.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

perforation

A hole through the full thickness of the wall of an organ or tissue made by disease, injury or deliberate surgical act.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

Perforation

A hole.
Mentioned in: Otitis Media, Peritonitis
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

per·fo·ra·tion

(pĕr'fŏr-ā'shŭn)
Abnormal opening in a hollow organ or viscus.
Synonym(s): tresis.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Gall bladder perforation leads to Liver Abscess formation - Role of Ultrasonography.
(98) Perioperative mitomycin C should not be administered patients with known or suspected bladder perforation following TURBT as a small number of serious complications related to mitomycin C extravasation have been reported.
However, because of the blind passage of the needle through the retropubic space, it is associated with significant potential complications.[sup.3] In 2001, transobturator tapes (TOT) were introduced to lower the number of bladder perforations and vascular injuries associated with TVT.[sup.4] To further decrease the complication rate, the TVT-Secur (Gynecare, Ethicon, Somerville, NJ) was introduced in 2006.
Gall bladder perforation as a complication of typhoid fever.
Sonographic diagnosis of bladder perforation by an intrauterine device.
We recommend that while separating gall bladder from its bed, dissection should be cautious without hurry and little towards liver side to avoid all bladder perforation. However one should not hesitate to open technique if any difficulty or doubt regarding anatomy arises.
Patients with suspected bladder perforation should not receive an immediate instillation as severe complications have been reported in this setting.[sup.33]-[sup.35] Efficacy of MMC are dependent on the concentration at which the drug is administered.
Patel and Veverka 2002 showed that laparoscopic cholecystectomy can be performed safely in pregnant patient in the first two trimesters; while open cholecystectomy should be considered the procedure of choice in patient with severe cholecystitis, empyema of gall bladder, acute cholangitis, gall bladder perforation, cholecyst-enteric fistula or a suspected gall bladder neoplasm.
This approach has a theoretical advantage of less obstruction and postoperative voiding dysfunction, as well as avoiding some of the complications, such as bladder perforation and bowel perforation.
Anaesthetic paralysis or obturator nerve block while resecting an area near the obturator nerve may be helpful in preventing adductor contraction and potential bladder perforation. Sending separate pathology specimens from the superficial tumour and deeper bites of the muscle may assist pathologists in accurately staging the depth of invasion.
Bladder perforation is another concern, particularly when treating lesions at the dome, where the bladder wall tends to be thinnest.
Compared with women in the transobturator group, those in the retropubic group had a significantly higher rate of intraoperative complications (13.7 versus 4.7 percent); most of this difference was due to bladder perforation (7.0 versus 0.6 percent).