black widow spider bite

black widow spider bite

Etymology: AS, blac + widewe; ME, spithre + AS, bitan
the bite of the spider species Latrodectus mactans, a poisonous arachnid found in many parts of the world. Black widow venom contains some enzymatic proteins, including a peptide that affects neuromuscular transmission. The bite is perceived as a sharp pinprick pain, followed by a dull pain in the area of the bite; restlessness; anxiety; sweating; weakness; and drooping eyelids. Muscular rigidity starts at the location of the bite and moves in peripherally to the chest. Small children, elderly adults, or persons with heart disorders are most severely affected and may require hospitalization and the administration of an antivenin. Immediate treatment includes keeping the victim quiet and immobilizing the bite area at the level of the heart.
References in periodicals archive ?
Making matters worse, one of the caddies told her that venom from a Black Widow spider bite can kill a small child in 30 minutes.
The golfer, who turned pro in October 2012, is still getting treatment for the Black Widow spider bite.
A wilderness medicine text recommends admitting all symptomatic children, pregnant women, and patients with hypertension to the hospital after a black widow spider bite.
2) Our literature search didn't find any RCTs comparing the efficacy of general symptomatic treatment with administration of specific antivenin against black widow spider bites.
After complaints from friends that the history of black widow spider bite had been ignored, a diagnosis of latrodectism was considered.
Possible peripheral neuritis following a black widow spider bite.
Death from a black widow spider bite is rare, with children and the elderly more seriously affected than young adults.
As for humans, according to the California Poison Control System, no one in the United States has died from a black widow spider bite in more than 10 years.
Young children and the elderly are especially susceptible to a severe reaction to a black widow spider bite.
Did you know that there have been fewer black widow spider bites since the invention of indoor toilets?
The company wants to take new Bioclon products to market in the United States, including ones designed to treat all types of rattlesnake bites as well as black widow spider bites.